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A Nation upon the Ocean Sea
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A Nation upon the Ocean Sea: Portugal’s Atlantic Diaspora and the Crisis of the Spanish Empire, 1492-1640

Daviken Studnicki-Gizbert


With the opening of sea routes in the 15th century, groups of men and women left Portugal to establish themselves across the ports and cities of the Atlantic or Ocean Sea. They were refugees and migrants, traders and mariners, Jews, Catholics, and the Marranos of mixed Judaic-Catholic culture. They formed a diasporic community known by contemporaries as the Portuguese Nation. By the early 17th century, this nation without a state had created a remarkable trading network that spanned the Atlantic, reached into the Indian Ocean and Asia, and generated millions of pesos that were used to bankroll ... More

Keywords: sea routes, diasporic community, Portuguese Nation, trading network, Spanish Empire, maritime trade, cultural hybridity, Spanish imperial politics, commercial reform, liberalization of trade

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 2007 Print ISBN-13: 9780195175691
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2010 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195175691.001.0001


Affiliations are at time of print publication.

Daviken Studnicki-Gizbert, author
McGill University
Author Webpage