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Camera WorksPhotography and the Twentieth-Century Word$
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Michael North

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195173567

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173567.001.0001

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Close Up

Close Up

International Modernism's Struggle with Sound

(p.83) 3 Close Up
Camera Works

Michael North (Contributor Webpage)

Oxford University Press

This chapter discusses the opposition among modernist writers to the addition of sound to film, using as particular example the early film journal, Close Up, edited in part by the poet HD. It shows how the cosmopolitanism possible for silent film fostered the notion that film imagery constituted a universal language. Within this utopian hope there was a complex resistance to the foreign and even the international itself that appears particularly in portrayals of race.

Keywords:   film, photography, HD, silent film, sound, racism, internationalism

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