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Human Hand Function$
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Lynette A. Jones and Susan J. Lederman

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195173154

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173154.001.0001

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Evolutionary Development and Anatomy of the Hand

Evolutionary Development and Anatomy of the Hand

Chapter:
(p.10) 2 Evolutionary Development and Anatomy of the Hand
Source:
Human Hand Function
Author(s):

Lynette A. Jones

Susan J. Lederman

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195173154.003.0002

This chapter considers the evolutionary development of the hand within the context of changes in the structure and function of primate hands. The differences between modern human and nonhuman primate hands are discussed with reference to tool use and manufacture. The anatomical structure of the human hand is reviewed in terms of the bones, joints, and muscles that comprise the hand and of the structure of the skin that overlies the palmar and dorsal surfaces. The sensory and motor innervation of the human hand is also explained. The chapter concludes with a summary of some of the biomechanical models of the hand that have been developed.

Keywords:   primate hands, bones, joints, extrinsic muscles, intrinsic muscles, glabrous skin, hairy skin, epidermis, sensory innervation, motor innervation

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