This chapter describes how social injustice affects the occurrence and severity of infectious diseases. It describes structural inequalities and the disproportionate burden of many infectious diseases on the poor. It identifies roots and underlying factors, including inadequate support for public works and infrastructure, social and economic rights, economic freedom, and access to treatment. It describes what needs to be done to address these problems. The chapter concludes that social justice in global public health requires a commitment to eliminating the structural violence that puts communities at risk and to treating the population's most heavily affected by infectious disease.
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