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Civilized Life in the UniverseScientists on Intelligent Extraterrestrials$

George Basalla

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195171815

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171815.001.0001

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CHAPTER 9

CHAPTER 9

Source:
Civilized Life in the Universe
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

The Birth of CETI

Steven J. Dick, The Biological Universe (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996)

;

The Living Universe: NASA and the Development of Astrobiology (New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 2004)

;

Vladmir Lytkin, Ben Finney, and Liudmila Alepko, “Tsiolkovsky, Russian Cosmism and Extraterrestrial Intelligence,” Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society 36 (Dec. 1995): 369–376

;

G. M. Tovmasyan, ed., Extraterrestrial Civilizations (Jerusalem: Israel Program for Scientific Translations, 1967)

;

Hans Freudenthal, Lincos: Design of a Language for Cosmic Intercourse (Amsterdam: North Holland Pub. Co., 1960)

;

Carl Sagan, ed., Communication with Extraterrestrial Intelligence (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1973)

;

William H. McNeil, “Journey from Common Sense,” University of Chicago Magazine 62 (May–June 1972): 2–14

;

Frank D. Drake and Dava Sobel, Is Anyone Out There? The Scientific Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (New York: Delacorte, 1992)

;

Stephen Webb, If the Universe Is Teeming with Life … Where Is Everybody? (New York: Copernicus, 2002)

;

William Poundstone, Carl Sagan: A Life in the Cosmos (New York: Henry Holt, 1999)

;

Keay Davidson, Carl Sagan: A Life (New York: Wiley, 1999).

From CETI to SETI

Steven J. Dick, “The Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence and the NASA High Resolution Microwave Survey (HRMS): Historical Perspectives,” Space Science Reviews 64, nos. 1/2 (1993): 93–139

;

Bernard M. Oliver and John Billingham, Project Cyclops (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1972)

;

Philip Morrison, John Billingham, and John Wolfe, eds., The Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence, SETI (Washington, D.C.: NASA, 1977)

; the staff at the

the Staff at the National Astronomy and Ionosphere Center, “The Arecibo Message of November 1974,” in The Quest for Extraterrestrial Life, ed. Donald Goldsmith, 293–296 (Mill Valley, Calif.: University Science Books, 1980)

;

Frank D. Drake and Dava Sobel, Is Anyone Out There? The Scientific Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (New York: Delacorte, 1992)

;

David E. Fisher and Marshall Jon Fisher, Strangers in the Night: A Brief History of Life on Other Worlds (Washington, D.C.: Counterpoint, 1998).

Where Are They?

Steven J. Dick, The Biological Universe (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996)

;

Stephen Webb, If the Universe Is Teeming with Life … Where Is Everybody? (New York: Copernicus, 2002)

;

Michael H. Hart and Ben Zuckerman, eds., Extraterrestrials, Where Are They? (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1995)

;

Frank J. Tipler, “Extraterrestrial Beings Do Not Exist,” Quarterly Journal of the Royal Astronomical Society 21, no. 3 (1981): (p.223) 267–281

;

John von Neumann, Theory of Self-Reproducing Automata (Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1966).

The Immortals

Frank D. Drake, “On Hands and Knees in Search of Elysium,” Technology Review 78 (June 1976): 22–29

;

Frank D. Drake and Dava Sobel, Is Anyone Out There? The Scientific Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (New York: Delacorte, 1992)

;

David W. Swift, SETI Pioneers (Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1990).

Rallying Cry

Anonymous, “Soviet Reserves Position,” Astronomy 5 (Jan. 1977): 56

;

Iosif Shklovsky, Five Billion Vodka Bottles to the Moon (New York: Norton, 1991)

, and

“Extraterrestrial Civilizations and Artificial Intelligence,” in Cybernetics Today, ed. I. M. Makarov, 333–355 (Moscow: Mir Publishers, 1984)

;

Philip Morrison, “The Number N of Advanced Civilizations in Our Galaxy and the Question of Galactic Colonization: An Introduction,” in Strategies for the Search for Life in the Universe, ed. Michael Papagiannis, 15–18 (Dordrecht: Reidel, 1980)

;

Graham Farmelo, ed., It Must Be Beautiful: Great Equations of Modern Science (London: Granta, 2002)

;

Cristiano B. Cosmovici et al., eds., Astronomical and Biochemical Origins and the Search for Life in the Universe (Bologna: Editrice Compositori, 1997).

SETI at NASA

Steven J. Dick, The Biological Universe (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996)

;

National Research Council, Astronomy and Astrophysics for the 1980s, 2 vols. (Washington, D.C.: National Academy Press, 1983)

;

Woodruff T. Sullivan III, “SETI Conference at Tallinn,” Sky and Telescope 63 (Apr. 1982): 350–353

;

Keay Davidson, Carl Sagan: A Life (New York: Wiley, 1999)

;

William Poundstone, Carl Sagan: A Life in the Cosmos (New York: Henry Holt, 1999)

;

Carl Sagan, The Dragons of Eden (New York: Random House, 1977)

,

Cosmos (New York: Random House, 1980)

,

“Extraterrestrial Intelligence: An International Petition,” Science 218 (Oct. 29, 1982): 426

, and

Contact (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1985)

;

Thomas Pierson, “SETI Institute: Summary of Projects in Support of SETI Research,” in Progress in the Search for Extraterrestrial Life, ASP Conference Series, vol. 74, ed. G. Seth Shostak, 443–446 (San Francisco: Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 1995)

;

Frank D. Drake and Dava Sobel, Is Anyone Out There? The Scientific Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (New York: Delacorte, 1992)

;

John N. Wilford, “Astronomers Open New Search for Alien Life,” New York Times, Oct. 6, 1992, C1

;

U.S. Congress, House, National Aeronautics and Space Administration Multi-Year Authorization Act of 1992, 102nd Cong., 2nd Sess., Congressional Record, vol. 138, no. 56

;

Richard A. Kerr, “SETI Faces Uncertainty on Earth and in the Stars,” Science 258 (Oct. 2, 1992): 27

;

Jill Tarter and M. Klein, “HRMS: Where We've Been, and Where We're Going,” in Progress in the Search for Extraterrestrial Life, ASP Conference Series, vol. 74, ed. G. Seth Shostak, 457–470 (San Francisco: Astronomical Society of the Pacific, 1995

;

John N. Wilford, “Astronomers (p.224) Search for Life Beyond Earth,” New York Times, Oct. 13, 1992, C1

, and

“Etiquette for Handling Otherworldly Calls,” New York Times, Oct. 13, 1992, C8

;

Ernst Mayr, “The Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence,” Science 259 (Mar. 12, 1993): 1522–1523

;

U.S. Congress, Senate, The Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence Program, Congressional Record, vol. 139, no. 123

;

George Johnson, “E.T. Don't Call Us, We'll Call You Someday,” New York Times, Oct. 10, 1993, IV, 2

;

Lionel Van Deerlin, “Tuned into Space, NASA Fails to Decode Message from Washington,” San Diego Union-Tribune, Oct. 5, 1993, B5

;

John N. Wilford, “Ear to the Universe Is Plugged by Budget Cutters,” New York Times, October 7, 1993, B12

, and

“Gifts Keep Alive Search for Other Life in the Universe,” New York Times, Jan. 25, 1994, C5.

SETI Perseveres

John D. Boudreau, “Cosmic Endeavor or Black Hole? High-Tech Bigwigs Invest in Search for Alien Signs,” Washington Post, Feb. 15, 1994, E1

;

Henry Fountain, “Scouring for Space Dust,” New York Times, Jan. 26, 1999, F5

;

G. Seth Shostak, Sharing the Universe (Berkeley: Berkeley Hills Books, 1998)

;

David Lamb, The Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (New York: Routledge, 2001)

;

Marina Benjamin, Rocket Dreams (New York: Free Press, 2003)

;

Reed Karaim, “Use Your PC to Search for E.T.,” USA Weekend, Apr. 25, 1999, 4

;

John D. Biersdorfer, “The Secret Life of the Home Computer,” New York Times, June 8, 2000, G1.

Pond Scum

Joshua Lederberg, “Exobiology: Approaches to Life beyond the Earth.” Science 132 (Aug. 12, 1960): 398

;

Robert Irion, “The Science of Astrobiology Takes Shape,” Science 288 (Apr. 28, 2000): 603–605

;

Henry Gee, ed., “Nature Insight: Astrobiology,” Nature 409 (Feb. 22, 2000): 1079–1122

;

A. J. S. Rayl, “Update on Astrobiology,” Scientist 16 (Apr. 15, 2002): 24–25

;

Donald Savage and John Buck, “Astrobiology Institute Announces New Teams,” http://www.seti-inst.edu

;

Dennis Overbye, “Search for Life Out There Gains Respect, Bit by Bit,” New York Times, July 8, 2003, F1.