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Civilized Life in the UniverseScientists on Intelligent Extraterrestrials$

George Basalla

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195171815

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171815.001.0001

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CHAPTER 10

CHAPTER 10

Source:
Civilized Life in the Universe
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

Universal Science?

A. S. Eddington, Space, Time, and Gravitation (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1921)

;

David Mulroy, ed. and trans., Early Greek Lyric Poetry (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1992)

;

David Hume, The Natural History of Religion and Dialogues Concerning Religion (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1976)

;

Edward Purcell, “Radioastronomy and Communication through Space,” in The Quest for Extraterrestrial Life, ed. Donald Goldsmith, 188–196 (Mill Valley, Calif.: University Science Books, 1980)

;

Richard Q. Elvee, ed., The End of Science? (Lanham, Md.: University Press of America, 1992)

;

Ian Hacking, The Social Construction of What? (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1999)

;

Barry Allen, “What It's All About,” Science 285 (July 9, 1999): 205–206

;

Steven (p.225) Weinberg, “Illustrative Prediction,” Science 285 (Aug. 13, 1999): 1013

;

John Horgan, “What If They Don't Have Radios?” Scientific American 268 (Feb. 3, 1993): 20

;

Nicholas Rescher, Scientific Realism: A Critical Appraisal (Dordrecht: Reidel, 1987).

The Evolutionists on SETI

Steven J. Dick and James E. Strick, The Living Universe: NASA and the Development of Astrobiology (New Brunswick, N.J.: Rutgers University Press, 2004)

;

Theodosius Dobzhansky, “Darwinian Evolution and the Problem of Extraterrestrial Life,” Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 15 (winter 1972): 157–175

;

Joshua Lederberg, “Signs of Life,” Nature 207 (July, 3, 1965): 9–13

;

George Gaylord Simpson, “The Nonprevalence of Humanoids,” Science 143 (Feb. 21, 1964): 769–775

;

Ernst Mayr, “The Probability of Extraterrestrial Intelligent Life,” in Extraterrestrials: Science and Alien Intelligence, ed. Edward Regis, Jr., 23–30 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1985)

,

“The Search for Intelligence,” Science 259 (Mar. 12, 1993): 1522–1523

,

“Does It Pay to Acquire High Intelligence?” Perspectives in Biology and Medicine 37 (spring 1994): 337–338

, and

“The Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence,” Planetary Report 16 (May–Apr. 1996): 4–7

;

Joel Achenbach, Captured by Aliens (New York: Simon & Schuster, 1999)

;

Steven Pinker, How the Mind Works (New York: Norton, 1997)

;

David M. Raup, “ETI without Intelligence,” in Extraterrestrials: Science and Alien Intelligence, ed. Edward Regis, Jr., 31–42 (New York: Cambridge University Press, 1985)

,

“Nonconscious Intelligence in the Universe,” Acta Astronautica 26 (Mar./Apr. 1992): 257–261

;

Carl Sagan, Cosmos (New York: Random House, 1980)

;

Stephen Jay Gould, “SETI and the Wisdom of Casey Stengel,” in Stephen Jay Gould, The Flamingo's Smile: Reflections in Natural History, 403–413 (New York: Norton, 1985)

;

Simon Conway Morris, The Crucible of Creation: The Burgess Shale and the Rise of Animals (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1998)

, and

Life's Solution: Inevitable Humans in a Lonely Universe (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003)

;

Simon Conway Morris and Stephen Jay Gould, “Showdown on the Burgess Shale,” Natural History 107 (Dec.–Jan. 1998–1999): 48–55

;

Elliot Sober, review of Life's Solution, by Simon Conway Morris, in New York Times Book Review, November 30, 2003, 18

;

Douglas H. Erwin, review of Life's Solution, by Simon Conway Morris, in Science 302 (Dec. 5, 2003): 1682–1683

;

Richard E. Lenski, review of Life's Solution, by Simon Conway Morris, in Nature 425 (Oct. 23, 2003): 767–768.

Progress

Thomas Gold, “The Deep Hot Biosphere,” Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 89 (July 1992): 6045–6049

;

Stephen Webb, If the Universe Is Teeming with Life …Where Is Everybody? (New York: Copernicus Books, 2002)

;

Stephen Jay Gould, Full House: The Spread of Excellence from Plato to Darwin (New York: Harmony Books, 1996)

;

Carl Sagan, The Cosmic Connection (New York: Doubleday, 1973)

;

Robert Nisbet, History of the Idea of Progress (New York: Basic Books, 1980)

;

Arnold Burgen, Peter McLaughlin, and Jürgen Mittelstrass, eds., The Idea of Progress (New York: W. de Gruyter, 1997)

;

Gabriel A. Almond, Marvin Chodorow, and Roy Harvey Pearce, eds., Progress and Its Discontents (p.226) Discontents (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1982)

;

Leo Marx and Bruce Mazlish, eds., Progress: Fact or Illusion? (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1996)

;

Jeffrey C. Alexander and Piotr Sztompka, eds., Rethinking Progress (Boston: Unwin Hyman, 1990).

Technology

Carl Sagan, ed., Communication with Extraterrestrial Intelligence (CETI) (Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 1973)

;

Alastair G. W. Cameron, ed., Interstellar Communication (New York: W. A. Benjamin, 1963)

;

John A. Ball, “The Zoo Hypothesis,” Icarus 19 (July 1973): 347–349

;

B. M. Oliver and J. Billingham, Project Cyclops (Moffett Field, Calif.: NASA, 1971)

;

Frank D. Drake and Dava Sobel, Is Anyone Out There?: The Scientific Search for Extraterrestrial Intelligence (New York: Delacorte, 1992)

;

George Basalla, The Evolution of Technology (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988)

;

Michael Ruse, Darwinian Paradigm (New York: Routledge, 1989)

;

George Basalla, “Energy and Civilization,” in Science, Technology and the Human Prospect, ed. Chauncy Starr and Philip C. Ritterbush, 39–52 (New York: Pergamon Press, 1980)

, and

“Some Persistent Energy Myths,” in Energy and Transport, ed. George H. Daniels and Mark H. Rose, 27–38 (Beverly Hills: Sage Publications, 1982)

;

Carl Sagan, The Cosmic Connection (New York: Doubleday, 1973).

Civilization

Sheldon Rothblatt, Tradition and Change in English Liberal Education (London: Faber and Faber, 1976)

;

Bruce Mazlish, Civilization and Its Contents (Stanford, Calif.: Stanford University Press, 2004)

;

Norman Yofee, Myths of Ancient States: Evolution of the Earliest Cities, States, and Civilizations (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2005)

;

Carl Sagan, Cosmos (New York: Random House, 1980)

;

I. S. Shklovskii and Carl Sagan, Intelligent Life in the Universe, trans. Paula Fern (New York: Dell, 1966)

;

Norman Yofee and George L. Cowgill, eds., The Collapse of Ancient States and Civilizations (Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1988)

;

Joseph A. Tainter, The Collapse of Complex Societies (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1988)

;

Harvey Weiss and Raymond S. Bradley, “What Drives Societal Collapse?” Science 291 (Jan. 26, 2001): 609–610

;

Rose Macaulay, Pleasure of Ruins (London: Thames and Hudson, 1964)

;

Charles A. Brady, The Burroughs Encyclopedia (Jefferson, N.C.: McFarland, 1966)

;

Henry S. F. Cooper, Jr., The Search for Life on Mars (New York: Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, 1980)

;

Richard B. Lee and Richard Daly, eds., The Cambridge Encyclopedia of Hunters and Gatherers (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1999)

;

Roger Lewin, Complexity: Life at the Edge of Chaos (New York: Macmillan, 1992)

;

Michael Shermer, “Why Hasn't E.T. Called?: The Lifetime of Civilizations in the Drake Equation for Estimating Extraterrestrial Intelligence Is Greatly Exaggerated,” Scientific American 287 (Aug. 2002): 33

;

Jack Cohen and Ian Stewart, Evolving the Alien (London: Ebury, 2002)

;

Peter Corning, Nature's Magic: Synergy in Evolution and the Fate of Humankind (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2003).