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The Book of Job in Medieval Jewish Philosophy$

Robert Eisen

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780195171532

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195171532.001.0001

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(p.231) Appendix: A Bibliography of Commentaries on Job in Medieval Jewish Philosophy

(p.231) Appendix: A Bibliography of Commentaries on Job in Medieval Jewish Philosophy

The Book of Job in Medieval Jewish Philosophy
Oxford University Press

The entries below are arranged according to the century in which they were written, but those within each century are arranged alphabetically since, in some cases, we do not know the exact year of composition. For each listing, I have provided the geographical location in which the commentary was written and the editions used in this study. Not all the works listed below are commentaries in the strict sense of the term. Some are discussions of Job found in larger treatises and are included here because of their substantial length or importance. For each entry, I have indicated whether the commentary is a full-length exposition on Job or a discussion in a larger work.

Tenth Century

Saadiah Gaon (Iraq): full-length commentary in Arabic; the subject of chapter 2 of this book; citations from Iyyov: Targum u-Perush ha-Rasag, Arabic text with Hebrew translation and notes by Joseph Kafi ḥ(Jerusalem: ha-Makor, 1973), and the English translation of Lenn E. Goodman, The Book of Theodicy: Translation and Commentary on the Book of Job by Saadiah ben Joseph al-Fayyūmī (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1988).

Twelfth Century

Maimonides (Egypt): discussion of Job in Guide of the Perplexed III:22–23; the subject of chapter 3 of this book; citations from the Arabic text, Dalālat al-Ḥā'irīn, ed. I. Joel (Jerusalem: Junovich, 1929), the Hebrew translation found in standard editions of Moreh Nevukhim, and the English translation of Shlomo Pines (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1963).

Thirteenth Century

Ibn Tibbon, Samuel (Provence): discussion of Job in Ma'amar Yikkavu ha-Mayim, ed. M. L. Bisliches (Pressburg, 1837), pp. 100–117; the subject of chapter 4 of this book.

(p.232) Ḥen, Zeraḥiah ben Isaac ben She'alti'iel (Spain and Italy): full-length commentary published in Tikvat Enosh, ed. Israel Schwartz (Berlin, 1868; reprint, Jerusalem, 1969), vol. 1, pp. 169–293; the subject of chapter 5 of this book; citations from Schwartz's edition and Ms. Munich 79, fols. 2r–101v.

Levi ben Abraham of Villefranche (Provence): discussion of Job in Livyat Ḥen, Sha‘ar ha-Hashgaḥah, which survives in manuscript.

Menaḥem ben Solomon ha-Me'iri (Provence): commentary no longer extant, as noted in Gregg Stern, “Menaḥem ha-Meiri and the Second Controversy over Philosophy” (Ph.D. diss., Harvard University, 1995), p. 115.

Fourteenth Century

Abba Mari ben Eligdor (Provence): full-length commentary survives in six manuscripts, four of which are complete.

Arundi, Isaac (Spain): full-length commentary survives in four manuscripts, three of which are complete; discussed in chapter 4 of this book; citations from Ms. Milano-Ambrosiana 16 (C300 Inf), fols. 1r–50v.

Elijah ben Eliezer ha-Yerushalmi (Crete): full-length commentary survives in a single manuscript; discussed in chapter 4 of this book; citations from Ms. Vatican 250/8, fols. 104r–132r, and Ms. Vatican 530/30, which contains the last page of the first manuscript.

Immanuel of Rome (Italy): full-length commentary survives in three complete manuscripts, discussed in chapter 4 of this book; citations from Ms. Parma 58.

Gersonides (Provence): full-length commentary has been printed several times; the subject of chapter 6 of this book; citations from standard rabbinic Bibles.

Kaspi, Joseph ibn (Provence): long and short commentary on Job published in ‘Asarah Keley Kesef, ed. Isaac Last (Pressburg: Alkalay, 1905), vol. 1, pp. 135–79.

Fifteenth Century

Albo, Joseph (Spain): discussion of the suffering of the righteous, much of which focuses on Job, in Sefer ha-‘Ikkarim, ed. and trans. Isaac Husik (Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America, 1930), vol. 4, part 1, p. 54ff.

Duran, Simon ben Ẓema ḥ(Spain): full-length commentary on Job, Ohev Mishpat (Venice, 1590); the subject of chapter 7 of this book.

Ibn Shem Tov, Joseph ben Shem Tov (Spain): commentary no longer extant, as noted in Shaul Regev, “Theology and Rational Mysticism in the Writings of R. Joseph ben Shem Tob” (in Hebrew) (Ph.D. diss., Hebrew University, 1983), p. 39.

(p.233) Sixteenth Century

‘Arama, Meir [son of Isaac ‘Arama, author of ‘Akeidat Yiẓḥak] (Spain and Italy): full-length commentary, Me'ir Iyyov (Venice, 1567).

Seforno, Obadiah (Italy): full-length commentary in Kitvey R. ‘Ovadiah Seforno, ed. Zev Gottleib (Jerusalem: Mosad Ha-Rav Kuk, 1987), pp. 258–330. (p.234)