Temporal Dynamics in Categorization
This chapter identifies weaknesses in formal logical approaches to categorization by discussing Russell's Paradox with set theory and the Sorites Paradox, and by tracking the continuous temporal dynamics of the categorization process. On the way toward selecting a discrete response in a categorization task, a participant's simultaneous partial consideration of multiple categories is revealed by continuous real-time measures, such as eye-tracking. Experimental results and simulations (with the normalized recurrence localist attractor network) are shown for animal categorization tasks, visual object categorization, and categorical speech perception. It is argued that constraints on action, rather than some internal “cognitive bottleneck”, are responsible for producing category-like effects.
Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.