Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Distinctiveness and Memory$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

R. Reed Hunt and James B. Worthen

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195169669

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195169669.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2017. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see http://www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 20 October 2017

Assessing Distinctiveness: Measures of Item-Specific and Relational Processing

Assessing Distinctiveness: Measures of Item-Specific and Relational Processing

(p.108) (p.109) 6 Assessing Distinctiveness: Measures of Item-Specific and Relational Processing
Distinctiveness and Memory

Daniel J. Burns

Oxford University Press

Researchers are not in complete agreement on the matter of defining distinctiveness. Traditional definitions of distinctiveness point to the processing of non-overlapping attributes or features. Presumably, encoding of unique or item-specific attributes facilitates retention by increasing the discriminability of the item during retrieval. This definition essentially equates distinctiveness with the encoding of differences. More recently, however, some have come to view distinctiveness as the encoding of item-specific attributes in the context of relational cues. This latter definition implies that the distinctive benefits of item-specific processing will emerge only when they are encoded in the context of relational cues. Hence, the former definition assumes that distinctiveness results directly from item-specific processing or difference encoding, whereas the latter view suggests that distinctiveness is the combined result of item-specific and relational processing. This chapter discusses the current state of affairs regarding measures of item-specific and relational processing.

Keywords:   distinctiveness, memory, encoding, retrieval, retention, relational cues, relational processing, item-specific processing

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .