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The Development of Social EngagementNeurobiological Perspectives$
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Peter J. Marshall and Nathan A. Fox

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195168716

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168716.001.0001

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Temperamental Exuberance: Correlates and Consequences

Temperamental Exuberance: Correlates and Consequences

Chapter:
(p.19) 2 Temperamental Exuberance: Correlates and Consequences
Source:
The Development of Social Engagement
Author(s):

Cindy P. Polak-Toste

Megan R. Gunnar

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195168716.003.0002

Temperamental exuberance has been studied at various levels of analysis, but there is a lack of a single framework that could be used in understanding the complex construct. This chapter, therefore, aims to introduce some research areas where progress is happening and to investigate how this progress could aid in explaining contemporary perspectives of this behavioural phenotype, concentrating on four broad issues. It includes a review of current works trying to conceptualize exuberance in the developmental literature, a discussion on neurobiological models with possible explanatory value, and contextualization of the models using the behavioural descriptions of exuberance in the child-development literature. Indications of correlations between exuberance and behaviour disorders in children are analyzed. Works associating stress with exuberance are reviewed to understand whether exuberance is something more serious than just low behavioural inhibition and whether the phenotype is actually related to increased stress in specific environments.

Keywords:   temperamental exuberance, neurobiological models, child development, behaviour disorders, children, behavioural phenotype, behavioural inhibition, stress

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