This chapter focuses on the career and achievements of William Shockley. Shockley held more than fifty patents for electronic devices, and by one estimate was personally responsible for nearly “half the worthwhile ideas in solid-state electronics” in the field's first dozen years. Shockley recruited Noyce to join a group of researchers that he handpicked for Shockley Semiconductor Labs in California. However, a group of seven scientists — Julius Blank, Victor Grinich, Jean Hoerni, Eugene Kleiner, Jay Last, Gordon Moore, and Sheldon Roberts — along with Noyce eventually grew tired of Shockley's management style and decided to resign and start their own company.
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