This introductory chapter presents a brief background on Robert Noyce. Noyce was an Iowa-born physicist, a minister's son, and a former champion diver, with a doctorate from MIT. He invented the first practical integrated circuit in 1959; it was one of seventeen patents awarded to him. In 1968, Noyce and Gordon Moore launched a tiny memory company they called Intel. Noyce's leadership of Intel — six years as president, five as board chair, and nine as a director — helped create a company that was roughly twice as profitable as its competitors and that today stands as the largest producer of semiconductor chips in the world.
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