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The Rise and Fall of the American Whig PartyJacksonian Politics and the Onset of the Civil War$
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Michael F. Holt

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780195161045

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195161045.001.0001

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“Scott & Scott Alone Is the Man for the Emergency”

“Scott & Scott Alone Is the Man for the Emergency”

(p.673) Chapter 19Scott & Scott Alone Is the Man for the Emergency”
The Rise and Fall of the American Whig Party

Michael F. Holt

Oxford University Press

If 1852 inevitably resembled other presidential years, Truman Smith concluded that the Whig party confronted “exactly the same situation” as they had in 1848. Once again, Whigs required a military hero to win. Every consideration requires that they should go for Winfield Scott now. In 1848, Zachary Taylor's appeal to the vital votes by Native Americans in Pennsylvania helped him secure nomination and election; in 1852, nativists there and elsewhere vehemently opposed Scott. In 1848, most southern Whigs zealously sought, and most northern Whigs vigorously opposed, Taylor's nomination; in 1852, northern Whigs led the drive for Scott, whereas almost all Southerners tried to derail him. Suspicious of Taylor's No Party tactics, northern Whigs in 1848 demanded concrete evidence of his fidelity to Whig principles. In 1852, in contrast, Southerners insisted upon irrefutable proof from Scott that he deemed the Compromise measures a final settlement of the slavery controversy.

Keywords:   Truman Smith, Whig party, Winfield Scott, Zachary Taylor, Native Americans, Pennsylvania, nomination, election, Compromise, slavery

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