Psychosocial Correlates and Long-Term Effects
In this chapter some of the clinical studies that underpinned the research presented in this book are reviewed. Such studies include those focusing upon the psycho-social correlates and long-term effects of exposure to violence and trauma for both adults and children. Individual differences (i.e. personal resilience) and their relationship with coping among victims of violence or abuse are considered, and some of the relevant theoretical debates currently surrounding the role of friendship and/or social support mechanisms in counteracting long-term negative outcomes are reviewed. Studies relating to the long-term effects of bullying are introduced, and the chapter considers their ramifications for homophobic bullying. Finally, the chapter considers evidence relating to the correlates of psychological well-being among lesbian, gay and bisexual youth and provides a summary integrating both empirical and theoretical work, identifying those issues this book explores.
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