Bullying: An Overview of Research
In this chapter, key studies from forty years of research are reviewed which have sought to define, categorise and understand bullying behaviour. Early studies of ‘mobbing’ conducted in Scandinavia in the 1970s are discussed, and the chapter considers the various definitions of bullying offered by subsequent researchers, discussing both their similarities and differences. Some of the methodological issues encountered over the years are explored and a commentary is offered on the ways in which those behaviours we now describe as ‘bullying’ have come about. This chapter considers whether there are perceptible sex differences in bullying, and also whether or not there has been a shift in pattern of that behaviour over time. Finally, a commentary on ‘cyberbullying’ is offered together with a discussion of the conceptual and methodological issues we face today in tackling this new form of aggressive behaviour.
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