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The Synaptic Organization of the Brain$
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Gordon M. Shepherd

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780195159561

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195159561.001.1

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Basal Ganglia

Basal Ganglia

The Synaptic Organization of the Brain


Oxford University Press

The basal ganglia are a richly interconnected set of brain nuclei found in the forebrain and midbrain of mammals, birds, and reptiles. In many species, including most mammals, the forebrain nuclei of the basal ganglia are the most prominent subcortical telencephalic structures. This chapter discusses the general organization of the basal ganglia, covering its neuronal elements, synaptic connections, basic circuit, dendritic membrane properties, and functional operations.

Keywords:   brain regions, synaptic connections, synaptic circuits, dendritic membrane properties

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