The thalamus is the largest part of the diencephalon, one of the major subdivisions of the brain, and provides the major route for afferents to the neocortex. Essentially no messages can reach the neocortex without first passing through the thalamus. Messages from many different sources pass through the thalamus on the way to the neocortex, including messages from peripheral sense organs (such as vision, hearing, touch, temperature, pain, taste, olfaction), other regions of the brain (such as the cerebellum and the mamillary bodies), and the neocortex itself. This chapter discusses the general organization of the thalamus, covering its neuronal elements, synaptic connections, basic neuronal circuit, dendritic cable properties, membrane properties, synaptic transmission, and first order and higher order relays.
Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.
If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.