“Les Anglo-Saxons”: Great Britain
The United Kingdom was the first society to develop an industrially produced mass culture superimposed upon the ties of family, neighborhood, and workplace. In the last years of the 19th century and the first decades of the 20th, Lloyd George and Theodore Roosevelt opposed the interests of their nations to the total sovereignty of the market. The British Labour Party, in opposition in the 1930s, regarded the New Dealers with sympathy not unmixed with envy. The American social contract of the postwar years and Lyndon Johnson's Great Society project were understood by Labour as continuations of the New Deal. Throughout the entire period, intellectuals and ideas traversed the North Atlantic in both directions. In the first part of the 20th century, other West European socialists looked with admiration on the Labour Party. This chapter discusses Great Britain: that is, it discusses Labour's failure after it returned to office in 1964 to establish itself as a credible permanent governing party.
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