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School Violence in ContextCulture, Neighborhood, Family, School, and Gender$
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Rami Benbenishty and Ron Avi Astor

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195157802

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195157802.001.0001

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Patterns of Victimization

Patterns of Victimization

(p.42) Chapter 4 Patterns of Victimization
School Violence in Context

Rami Benbenishty

Ron Avi Astor

Oxford University Press

This chapter explores two aspects of the patterns of school victimization: firstly how the various acts of violence rank order (in terms of their frequencies), and secondly what their factor structure is. Comparisons are made in these patterns between Israel and the United States and between groups of students within these samples. Key findings include: (1) rank orders of the frequencies of violent acts, reflects the axis of the severity and seriousness of pain caused by the violent act. Overall patterns are extremely similar across gender, ethnicity/culture, school types (primary, junior-high, high school), and within and between countries; (2) victimization types fit into two major factors: those that are rare and severe, and those that are more common with less severe outcomes. These factors are very similar across all groups.

Keywords:   rank-order, factor structure, severe, moderate, age, gender, cross-cultural

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