Marc Chagall (1887-1985) is one of the most significant painters and graphic artists of the 20th century. His oil paintings and watercolors are among the prized possessions of museums throughout the Western world. This chapter addresses the question of how depictions of levitated objects initially came to be one of Chagall's trademarks. Houses, carts, people, animals, and fish do not occupy their standard places in many of his paintings. Some objects are suspended in the air or depicted as floating upside down. Some images appear to be rising and others falling. Images of fire and water, the other two elements of an Icarian theme, also make their appearances in his artwork, and both are prominent topics in his autobiography.
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