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Cognitive Neuroscience of AgingLinking cognitive and cerebral aging$
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Roberto Cabeza, Lars Nyberg, and Denise Park

Print publication date: 2004

Print ISBN-13: 9780195156744

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156744.001.0001

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The Neural Basis of Age-Related Declines in Prospective Memory

The Neural Basis of Age-Related Declines in Prospective Memory

Chapter:
(p.246) 10 The Neural Basis of Age-Related Declines in Prospective Memory
Source:
Cognitive Neuroscience of Aging
Author(s):

West Robert

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156744.003.0010

This chapter has three main goals: (1) to provide an overview of current models of prospective memory within the context of the cognitive aging literature; (2) to provide a review of findings related to the neural basis of prospective memory; and (3) to examine the neural basis of age-related declines in prospective memory. It shows that the formation and realization of intentions are supported by a distributed neural network that involves structures within the frontal and parietal cortices, the medial temporal lobe, and the thalamus. Different neural structures are associated with distinct cognitive processes. Age-related declines in prospective memory result from a decrease in the efficiency with which older adults form intentions and a reduced ability on the part of older adults to attentionally modulate the neural structures that support the detection of prospective cues.

Keywords:   cognitive aging, memory decline, aging, intentions, older adults

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