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Developmental Influences on Adult IntelligenceThe Seattle longitudinal study$

K. Warner Schaie

Print publication date: 2005

Print ISBN-13: 9780195156737

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2007

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195156737.001.0001

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(p.435) Appendix

(p.435) Appendix

Source:
Developmental Influences on Adult Intelligence
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

(p.436)

table A-4.1 Intercorrelations for the Basic Ability Battery by Age Group and for the Total Sample

Age

25 (n=488)

32 (n=516)

39 (n=633)

46 (n=648)

53 (n=616)

60 (n=571)

67 (n=640)

74 (n=448)

81 (n=284)

Total (n=4,844)

Verbal Meaning–Space

.261

.241

.253

.307

.383

.387

.413

.370

.342

.473

Verbal Meaning–Reasoning

.564

.568

.543

.633

.688

.678

.681

.688

.622

.706

Verbal Meaning–Number

.400

.319

.325

.305

.404

.461

.514

.501

.535

.459

Verbal Meaning–Word Fluency

.468

.412

.402

.463

.470

.422

.457

.523

.386

.534

Space–Reasoning

.465

.402

.391

.444

.449

.440

.460

.402

.394

.598

Space–Number

.319

.226

.200

.234

.318

.286

.375

.236

.268

.327

Space–Word Fluency

.249

.190

.157

.162

.198

.206

.286

.239

.122

.349

Reasoning–Number

.468

.353

.323

.313

.459

.466

.481

.508

.509

.440

Reasoning–Word Fluency

.428

.369

.350

.387

.418

.383

.429

.469

.288

.511

Number–Word Fluency

.393

.187

.263

.312

.361

.333

.357

.333

.310

.364

(p.437)

table A-4.2 Intercorrelations for the Expanded Ability Battery by Age Group and for the Total Sample

Age

25 (n =153)

32 (n = 203)

39 (n =335)

46 (n=383)

53 (n=340)

60 (n=345)

67 (n=376)

74 (n=233)

81 (n=157)

Total (n=2,525)

PMA Reasoning–Letter Series

.695

.732

.673

.710

.770

.766

.771

.753

.702

.833

PMA Reasoning–Word Series

.635

.699

.687

.667

.741

.723

.790

.727

.718

.819

PMA Reasoning–Number Series

.541

.552

.475

.558

.575

.615

.623

.592

.517

.680

PMA Reasoning–PMA Verbal

.477

.462

.361

.529

.516

.565

.598

.637

.632

.620

PMA Reasoning–Identical Depiction

.362

.267

.386

.438

.414

.365

.456

.435

.441

.650

PMA Reasoning–Number Comparison

.339

.442

.321

.362

.455

.468

.488

.416

.475

.577

PMA Reasoning–Finding A's

.444

.352

.291

.364

.377

.367

.372

.381

.439

.456

PMA Reasoning–Word Fluency

.358

.288

.279

.378

.310

.373

.434

.416

.282

.484

PMA Reasoning–Immediate Recall

.353

.197

.233

.292

.357

.325

.355

.401

.372

.524

PMA Reasoning–Delayed Recall

.337

.199

.240

.248

.315

.336

.360

.386

.286

.520

PMA Reasoning–PMA Space

.445

.431

.426

.381

.392

.338

.413

.347

.335

.562

PMA Reasoning–Object Rotation

.391

.362

.315

.368

.269

.318

.385

.337

.419

.543

PMA Reasoning–Alphanumeric Rotation

.430

.312

.291

.364

.352

.330

.463

.315

.408

.571

PMA Reasoning–Cube Comparison

.571

.387

.387

.390

.349

.392

.375

.324

.278

.576

PMA Reasoning–ETS Vocabulary

.340

.407

.342

.371

.438

.445

.471

.499

.341

.273

PMA Reasoning–Advanced Vocabulary

.388

.412

.314

.406

.398

.463

.455

.535

.393

.299

PMA Reasoning–PMA Number

.426

.404

.370

.428

.374

.459

.380

.411

.450

.358

PMA Reasoning–Addition

.421

.412

.384

.422

.355

.441

.349

.328

.385

.352

PMA Reasoning–Subtraction and Multiplication

.347

.370

.342

.418

.429

.427

.400

.405

.447

.413

Letter Series–Word Series

.674

.605

.639

.643

.675

.667

.728

.697

.607

.785

Letter Series–Number Series

.595

.588

.516

.610

.599

.631

.666

.569

.464

.700

Letter Series–PMA Verbal

.490

.456

.311

.492

.455

.516

.544

.530

.438

.569

Letter Series–Identical Pictures

.380

.251

.336

.432

.423

.293

.401

.311

.360

.624

Letter Series–Number Comparison

.359

.364

.310

.342

.340

.434

.429

.415

.302

.545

Letter Series–Findings A's

.269

.340

.266

.333

.422

.292

.379

.361

.374

.436

Letter Series–Word Fluency

.336

.278

.254

.366

.309

.358

.413

.436

.182

.469

Letter Series–Immediate Recall

.255

.317

.261

.357

.360

.333

.341

.369

.359

.527

Letter Series–Delayed Recall

.293

.226

.257

.339

.315

.336

.322

.356

.300

.524

Letter Series–PMA Space

.381

.425

.412

.373

.404

.386

.449

.253

.319

.565

Letter Series–Object Rotation

.255

.426

.354

.412

.286

.357

.366

.259

.234

.539

Letter Series–Alphanumeric Rotation

.394

.384

.301

.390

.370

.358

.420

.293

.306

.567

Letter Series–Cube Comparison

.567

.398

.423

.381

.395

.377

.363

.276

.261

.583

Letter Series–ETS Vocabulary

.333

.399

.309

.370

.396

.472

.409

.462

.287

.245

Letter Series–Advanced Vocabulary

.380

.425

.312

.422

.380

.523

.461

.460

.358

.291

Letter Series–PMA Number

.356

.348

.351

.407

.362

.440

.370

.447

.353

.335

Letter Series–Addition

.336

.359

.318

.373

.306

.398

.315

.351

.263

.312

Letter Series–Subtraction and Multiplication

.306

.355

.301

.402

.394

.368

.398

.433

.245

.381

Word Series–Number Series

.457

.459

.406

.507

.531

.469

.567

.564

.428

.628

Word Series–PMA Verbal

.448

.357

.341

.452

.512

.485

.611

.576

.633

.594

Word Series–Identical Pictures

.264

.240

.364

.436

.432

.389

.439

.394

.475

.636

Word Series–Number Comparison

.389

.339

.332

.339

.372

.490

.460

.446

.464

.560

Word Series–Finding A's

.364

.360

.290

.333

.412

.315

.449

.318

.469

.452

Word Series–Word Fluency

.350

.269

.227

.414

.338

.320

.463

.401

.317

.479

Word Series–Immediate Recall

.288

.221

.185

.292

.396

.286

.345

.452

.372

.511

Word Series–Delayed Recall

.338

.112

.204

.226

.302

.298

.343

.410

.333

.498

Word Series–PMA Space

.402

.295

.324

.377

.330

.299

.413

.304

.370

.531

Word Series–Object Rotation

.321

.229

.239

.381

.269

.293

.330

.336

.383

.517

Word Series–Alphanumeric Rotation

.311

.234

.207

.334

.297

.344

.427

.354

.368

.545

Word Series–Cube Comparison

.458

.297

.344

.423

.396

.352

.407

.219

.332

.559

Word Series–ETS Vocabulary

.305

.293

.265

.299

.412

.361

.453

.442

.390

.236

Word Series–Advanced Vocabulary

.363

.294

.252

.334

.359

.360

.452

.422

.413

.256

Word Series–PMA Number

.413

.333

.400

.386

.369

.404

.399

.405

.496

.353

Word Series–Addition

.374

.359

.370

.381

.354

.417

.359

.298

.389

.341

Word Series–Subtraction and Multiplication

.358

.391

.304

.361

.416

.398

.401

.390

.506

.403

Number Series–PMA Verbal

.416

.329

.278

.410

.427

.388

.513

.475

.332

.498

Number Series–Identical Pictures

.309

.170

.212

.322

.297

.234

.372

.326

.211

.496

Number Series–Number Comparison

.242

.320

.171

.274

.271

.281

.321

.292

.378

.430

Number Series–Finding A's

.386

.291

.211

.259

.287

.221

.348

.214

.277

.363

Number Series–Number Fluency

.329

.189

.251

.240

.257

.310

.290

.302

.164

.384

Number Series–Immediate Recall

.214

.219

.193

.160

.259

.274

.198

.281

.139

.392

Number Series–Delayed Recall

.239

.081

.211

.139

.230

.278

.205

.293

.150

.394

Number Series–PMA Space

.355

.329

.298

.357

.451

.355

.487

.226

.382

.507

Number Series–Object Rotation

.266

.368

.279

.376

.311

.296

.350

.200

.288

.470

Number Series–Alphanumeric Rotation

.323

.303

.280

.346

.347

.281

.400

.191

.293

.482

Number Series–Cube Comparison

.489

.358

.325

.363

.365

.377

.409

.303

.202

.515

Number Series–ETS Vocabulary

.342

.348

.246

.262

.400

.380

.358

.472

.230

.253

Number Series–Advanced Vocabulary

.354

.346

.338

.337

.413

.389

.414

.503

.267

.305

Number Series–PMA Number

.414

.469

.393

.416

.420

.411

.416

.392

.480

.390

Number Series–Addition

.431

.480

.380

.427

.372

.375

.334

.266

.364

.365

Number Series–Subtraction and Multiplication

.451

.497

.445

.466

.451

.388

.432

.335

.422

.449

PMA Verbal–Identical Pictures

.454

.287

.274

.374

.402

.432

.484

.539

.572

.539

PMA Verbal–Number Comparison

.190

.220

.222

.282

.281

.429

.484

.487

.536

.449

PMA Verbal–Finding A's

.327

.214

.242

.294

.400

.282

.363

.468

.513

.392

PMA Verbal–Word Fluency

.477

.363

.345

.474

.415

.397

.464

.437

.363

.492

PMA Verbal–Immediate Recall

.429

.349

.292

.342

.381

.381

.337

.466

.310

.468

PMA Verbal–Delayed Recall

.394

.260

.282

.275

.368

.370

.320

.466

.281

.447

PMA Verbal–PMA Space

.235

.223

.158

.235

.319

.272

.376

.352

.357

.406

PMA Verbal–Object Rotation

.303

.299

.164

.326

.249

.309

.345

.367

.415

.447

PMA Verbal–Alphanumeric Rotation

.316

.300

.167

.344

.388

.304

.374

.362

.341

.472

PMA Verbal–Cube Comparison

.426

.259

.164

.175

.171

.291

.358

.338

.334

.393

PMA Verbal–ETS Vocabulary

.750

.702

.604

.707

.657

.612

.583

.493

.490

.540

PMA Verbal–Advanced Vocabulary

.705

.711

.601

.704

.653

.620

.584

.518

.528

.555

PMA Verbal–PMA Number

.372

.321

.297

.312

.340

.359

.411

.423

.447

.368

PMA Verbal–Addition

.287

.323

.296

.367

.305

.369

.390

.342

.455

.364

PMA Verbal–Subtraction and Multiplication

.275

.324

.332

.405

.368

.394

.463

.449

.461

.432

Identical Pictures–Number Comparison

.331

.308

.369

.429

.333

.421

.475

.452

.479

.578

Identical Pictures–Finding A's

.266

.280

.281

.360

.297

.321

.330

.400

.411

.427

Identical Pictures–Word Fluency

.340

.298

.182

.272

.242

.266

.335

.288

.337

.437

Identical Pictures–Immediate Recall

.314

.368

.211

.260

.287

.289

.223

.324

.327

.500

Identical Pictures–Delayed Recall

.305

.319

.179

.215

.279

.196

.232

.326

.240

.502

Identical Pictures–PMA Space

.276

.290

.334

.318

.317

.319

.364

.334

.394

.533

Identical Pictures–Object Rotation

.371

.131

.216

.301

.257

.289

.363

.395

.422

.532

Identical Pictures–Alphanumeric Rotation

.371

.139

.205

.305

.305

.367

.355

.421

.461

.567

Identical Pictures–Cube Comparison

.388

.222

.296

.347

.308

.303

.369

.265

.357

.556

Identical Pictures–ETS Vocabulary

.362

.233

.181

.228

.192

.199

.195

.233

.311

.100

Identical Pictures–Advanced Vocabulary

.285

.224

.153

.238

.194

.236

.191

.225

.275

.119

Identical Pictures–PMA Number

.130

.222

.272

.271

.123

.128

.244

.280

.309

.197

Identical Pictures–Addition

.185

.221

.329

.312

.166

.228

.284

.287

.359

.245

Identical Pictures–Subtraction and Multiplication

.157

.167

.259

.300

.220

.258

.350

.351

.339

.307

Number Comparison–Finding A's

.488

.400

.417

.398

.424

.440

.374

.396

.493

.493

Number Comparison–Word Fluency

.216

.232

.121

.280

.220

.233

.286

.323

.365

.370

Number Comparison–Immediate Recall

.245

.267

.255

.246

.264

.273

.280

.285

.357

.436

Number Comparison–Delayed Recall

.324

.160

.264

.218

.230

.265

.282

.230

.358

.433

Number Comparison–PMA Space

.237

.218

.231

.171

.245

.186

.312

.145

.252

.400

Number Comparison–Object Rotation

.181

.065

.175

.244

.119

.180

.211

.180

.388

.380

Number Comparison–Alphanumeric Rotation

.216

.020

.113

.259

.246

.244

.263

.162

.415

.413

Number Comparison–Cube Comparison

.190

.229

.138

.199

.120

.205

.320

.120

.263

.396

Number Comparison–ETS Vocabulary

.045

.082

.162

.062

.155

.189

.228

.120

.150

.074

Number Comparison–Advanced Vocabulary

.088

.186

.112

.053

.116

.192

.137

.136

.206

.081

Number Comparison–PMA Number

.433

.288

.426

.362

.363

.406

.457

.491

.636

.382

Number Comparison–Addition

.527

.371

.502

.482

.456

.504

.510

.543

.691

.462

Number Comparison–Subtraction and Multiplication

.492

.386

.482

.492

.454

.520

.498

.630

.697

.501

Finding A's–Word Fluency

.365

.245

.243

.308

.284

.263

.289

.235

.318

.359

Finding A's–Immediate Recall

.167

.246

.349

.235

.358

.200

.280

.206

.249

.365

Finding A's–Delayed Recall

.211

.177

.290

.252

.345

.162

.306

.209

.306

.365

Finding A's–PMA Space

.331

.022

.180

.230

.187

.193

.216

.118

.180

.302

Finding A's–Object Rotation

.250

−.091

.139

.315

.157

.164

.118

.154

.221

.280

Finding A's–Alphanumeric Rotation

.202

.024

.091

.316

.215

.238

.191

.222

.299

.320

Finding A's–Cube Comparison

.242

−.004

.106

.158

.184

.105

.237

.190

.320

.286

Finding A's–ETS Vocabulary

.194

.098

.209

.204

.304

.129

.219

.178

.235

.152

Finding A's–Advanced Vocabulary

.227

.093

.151

.222

.275

.154

.262

.204

.265

.171

Finding A's–PMA Number

.433

.241

.341

.253

.297

.186

.241

.351

.321

.277

Finding A's–Addition

.398

.333

.382

.327

.320

.284

.284

.323

.371

.326

Finding A's–Subtraction and Mulitplication

.425

.339

.357

.346

.373

.286

.324

.382

.418

.371

Word Fluency–Immediate Recall

.411

.318

.310

.284

.223

.416

.325

.363

.400

.439

Word Fluency–Delayed Recall

.391

.354

.297

.256

.238

.418

.327

.353

.331

.437

Word Fluency–PMA Space

.281

.265

.107

.166

.172

.167

.271

.164

.083

.326

Word Fluency–Object Rotation

.277

.226

.137

.216

.141

.147

.217

.174

.144

.328

Word Fluency–Alphanumeric Rotation

.265

.395

.085

.155

.197

.209

.273

.177

.206

.357

Word Fluency–Cube Comparison

.256

.207

.136

.172

.080

.157

.217

.044

.070

.312

Word Fluency–ETS Vocabulary

.355

.313

.425

.410

.333

.425

.447

.425

.406

.335

Word Fluency–Advanced Vocabulary

.408

.274

.443

.400

.367

.454

.447

.447

.404

.358

Word Fluency–PMA Number

.396

.294

.279

.270

.325

.265

.278

.267

.330

.293

Word Fluency–Addition

.231

.317

.285

.357

.326

.287

.281

.275

.375

.315

Word Fluency–Subtraction and Multiplication

.197

.253

.256

.342

.375

.251

.289

.343

.372

.343

Immediate Recall–Delayed Recall

.856

.844

.847

.835

.858

.868

.840

.855

.839

.886

Immediate Recall–PMA Space

.180

.088

.103

.106

.111

.040

.097

.119

−.030

.309

Immediate Recall–Object Rotation

.262

.231

.080

.166

.059

.074

.129

.148

.079

.339

Immediate Recall–Alphanumeric Rotation

.218

.222

.095

.226

.147

.140

.091

.248

.138

.379

Immediate Recall–Cube Comparison

.213

.196

.132

.206

.108

.067

.059

.049

.046

.346

Immediate Recall–ETS Vocabulary

.362

.327

.355

.316

.350

.409

.271

.388

.298

.242

Immediate Recall–Advanced Vocabulary

.312

.340

.360

.328

.326

.465

.334

.381

.292

.275

Immediate Recall–PMA Number

.178

.229

.139

.072

.152

.208

.182

.201

.348

.176

Immediate Recall–Addition

.231

.189

.161

.109

.158

.224

.170

.100

.353

.184

Immediate Recall–Subtraction and Multiplication

.197

.178

.212

.160

.227

.224

.191

.188

.328

.251

Delayed Recall–PMA Space

.185

.111

.077

.088

.063

.054

.073

.118

−.022

.311

Delayed Recall–Object Rotation

.205

.213

.076

.142

.043

.052

.082

.113

.063

.333

Delayed Recall–Alphanumeric Rotation

.222

.205

.091

.199

.106

.100

.107

.264

.071

.377

Delayed Recall–Cube Comparison

.242

.167

.089

.164

.060

.049

.088

.145

.032

.352

Delayed Recall–ETS Vocabulary

.302

.307

.326

.254

.331

.370

.265

.360

.212

.203

Delayed Recall–Advanced Vocabulary

.300

.272

.328

.270

.323

.419

.302

.365

.266

.235

Delayed Recall–PMA Number

.231

.122

.135

.052

.087

.207

.148

.200

.314

.147

Delayed Recall–Addition

.283

.128

.167

.110

.125

.220

.158

.106

.360

.173

Delayed Recall–Subtraction and Multiplication

.264

.098

.202

.152

.221

.229

.192

.176

.332

.243

PMA Space–Object Rotation

.615

.597

.661

.724

.685

.685

.671

.763

.576

.750

PMA Space–Alphanumeric Rotation

.436

.429

.487

.530

.572

.540

.580

.610

.464

.646

PMA Space–Cube Comparison

.519

.571

.485

.456

.433

.477

.452

.305

.188

.593

PMA Space–ETS Vocabulary

.207

.211

.086

.132

.192

.182

.311

.151

.266

.115

PMA Space–Advanced Vocabulary

.229

.213

.157

.175

.258

.222

.275

.200

.231

.156

PMA Space–PMA Number

.332

.170

.251

.239

.293

.266

.277

.211

.249

.253

PMA Space–Addition

.211

.227

.262

.237

.224

.234

.234

.164

.158

.231

PMA Space–Subtraction and Multiplication

.146

.168

.199

.200

.262

.215

.248

.124

.193

.254

Object Rotation–Alphanumeric Rotation

.569

.658

.649

.673

.660

.593

.656

.712

.630

.745

Object Rotation–Cube Comparison

.258

.379

.426

.402

.300

.416

.396

.301

.242

.529

Object Rotation–ETS Vocabulary

.236

.337

.115

.248

.120

.172

.211

.136

.120

.120

Object Rotation–Advanced Vocabulary

.235

.350

.158

.278

.137

.190

.231

.204

.099

.155

Object Rotation–PMA Number

.233

.187

.265

.257

.217

.276

.191

.133

.275

.231

Object Rotation–Addition

.208

.176

.241

.260

.196

.214

.146

.099

.286

.217

Object Rotation–Subtraction and Multiplication

.191

.119

.238

.234

.263

.208

.221

.118

.370

.273

Alphanumeric Rotation–Cube Comparison

.257

.276

.343

.362

.288

.386

.430

.406

.280

.527

Alphanumeric Rotation–ETS Vocabulary

.286

.269

.111

.204

.228

.186

.226

.163

.190

.129

Alphanumeric Rotation–Advanced Vocabulary

.321

.266

.142

.249

.260

.221

.267

.221

.147

.171

Alphanumeric Rotation–PMA Number

.263

.239

.159

.284

.257

.208

.226

.166

.328

.231

Alphanumeric Rotation–Addition

.255

.226

.165

.194

.220

.173

.197

.081

.289

.210

Alphanumeric Rotation–Subtraction and Multiplication

.238

.168

.201

.162

.265

.248

.250

.112

.362

.278

Cube Comparison–ETS Vocabulary

.346

.142

.003

.062

.081

.095

.122

.029

.014

.019

Cube Comparison–Advanced Vocabulary

.352

.226

.099

.140

.057

.182

.102

.046

−.009

.070

Cube Comparison–PMA Number

.322

.142

.207

.170

.171

.260

.195

.095

.145

.183

Cube Comparison–Addition

.315

.128

.150

.141

.147

.191

.170

.042

.202

.171

Cube Comparison–Subtraction and Multiplication

.278

.099

.177

.160

.165

.248

.201

.089

.279

.235

ETS Vocabulary–Advanced Vocabulary

.760

.798

.789

.821

.787

.794

.787

.845

.843

.807

ETS Vocabulary–PMA Number

.226

.244

.195

.189

.237

.290

.256

.237

.276

.231

ETS Vocabulary–Addition

.170

.207

.225

.208

.153

.161

.219

.136

.165

.190

ETS Vocabulary–Subtraction and Multiplication

.112

.231

.265

.256

.234

.175

.259

.186

.163

.217

Advanced Vocabulary–PMA Number

.234

.212

.146

.122

.229

.209

.230

.227

.306

.209

Advanced Vocabulary–Addition

.180

.173

.166

.128

.197

.136

.190

.143

.213

.174

Advanced Vocabulary–Subtraction and Multiplication

.129

.204

.224

.190

.264

.166

.260

.202

.194

.214

PMA Number–Addition

.796

.799

.840

.783

.830

.823

.807

.776

.735

.806

PMA Number–Subtraction and Multiplication

.647

.676

.712

.662

.740

.683

.748

.728

.725

.705

Addition–Subtraction and Multiplication

.799

.823

.808

.812

.828

.798

.818

.803

.837

.814

Note. ETS, Educational Testing Service; PMA, Primary Mental Abilities.

(p.438) (p.439) (p.440) (p.441) (p.442) (p.443) (p.444)

table A-4.3 Intercorrelations for the Cognitive Factor Scores

Age

25 (n=153)

32 (n=203)

39 (n=335)

46 (n=383)

53 (n=340)

60 (n=345)

67 (n=376)

74 (n=233)

81 (n=157)

Total (n=2,525)

Inductive Reasoning–Spatial Orientation

.600

.511

.480

.540

.488

.484

.543

.384

.508

.686

Inductive Reasoning–Perceptual Speed

.631

.568

.540

.645

.635

.602

.680

.629

.617

.771

Inductive Reasoning–Numeric Ability

.490

.510

.458

.525

.482

.518

.450

.460

.483

.436

Inductive Reasoning–Verbal Ability

.473

.477

.407

.476

.518

.573

.560

.621

.466

.389

Inductive Reasoning–Verbal Memory

.378

.271

.289

.330

.387

.368

.373

.468

.338

.560

Spatial Orientation–Perceptual Speed

.537

.293

.346

.465

.418

.443

.501

.442

.575

.654

Spatial Orientation–Numeric Ability

.343

.238

.286

.305

.318

.304

.284

.156

.410

.301

Spatial Orientation–Verbal Ability

.405

.370

.163

.270

.260

.280

.342

.240

.252

.227

Spatial Orientation–Verbal Memory

.287

.237

.118

.203

.097

.105

.123

.187

.054

.408

Perceptual Speed–Numeric Ability

.536

.476

.559

.520

.461

.467

.519

.535

.578

.463

Perceptual Speed–Verbal Ability

.538

.476

.475

.484

.512

.512

.515

.484

.522

.388

Perceptual Speed–Verbal Memory

.467

.443

.409

.382

.446

.386

.401

.452

.414

.601

Numeric Ability–Verbal Ability

.436

.272

.265

.243

.276

.261

.311

.264

.255

.281

Numeric Ability–Verbal Memory

.270

.187

.198

.139

.189

.258

.205

.182

.384

.228

Verbal Ability–Verbal Memory

.405

.368

.400

.343

.385

.495

.357

.462

.327

.329

(p.445)

table A-4.4 Intercorrelations for the Everyday Problems Test by Age Group and for the Total Sample

Age

25 (n = 40)

32 (n = 96)

39 (n = 163)

46 (n = 218)

53 (n = 222)

60 (n = 224)

67 (n = 266)

74 (n = 271)

81 (n = 224)

88 (n = 71)

Total (n = 1,795)

Meals–Health

.337

.576

.582

.292

.298

.316

.392

.381

.536

.554

.507

Meals–Phone

.338

.378

.326

.315

.375

.365

.442

.465

.492

.548

.505

Meals–Consumer

−.106

.509

.401

.264

.418

.299

.395

.466

.462

.566

.499

Meals–Financial

.045

.389

.310

.363

.298

.344

.406

.418

.590

.576

.508

Meals–Household

.364

.421

.420

.357

.437

.400

.485

.457

.471

.448

.535

Meals–Transport

−.041

.477

.322

.490

.322

.273

.361

.505

.575

.513

.514

Health–Phone

.067

.427

.417

.325

.288

.383

.313

.418

.479

.530

.498

Health–Consumer

−.191

.649

.410

.246

.353

.196

.295

.416

.525

.462

.505

Health–Financial

−.072

.298

.422

.336

.287

.255

.327

.514

.524

.515

.523

Health–Household

.199

.409

.427

.334

.348

.337

.353

.414

.354

.442

.505

Health–Transport

.122

.323

.399

.320

.348

.390

.259

.483

.519

.412

.494

Phone–Consumer

−.090

.352

.321

.296

.318

.261

.316

.350

.456

.466

.460

Phone–Financial

.021

.290

.321

.373

.214

.266

.437

.443

.525

.424

.499

Phone–Household

.017

.261

.347

.411

.303

.337

.363

.430

.439

.419

.509

Phone–Transport

−.137

.309

.420

.385

.334

.374

.443

.409

.534

.500

.509

Consumer–Financial

.240

.422

.488

.444

.363

.336

.302

.500

.485

.519

.542

Consumer–Household

.021

.417

.406

.344

.352

.333

.381

.396

.445

.477

.520

Consumer–Transport

−.112

.524

.402

.369

.254

.224

.269

.459

.566

.693

.520

Financial–Household

.271

.441

.492

.449

.298

.368

.468

.420

.504

.536

.562

Financial–Transport

.176

.414

.505

.423

.272

.303

.394

.504

.557

.472

.540

Household–Transport

.552

.389

.356

.411

.287

.397

.361

.496

.510

.566

.544

(p.446)

table A-4.5 Intercorrelations for the Test of Behavioral Rigidity Factor Scores

Age

25 (n = 487)

32 (n = 516)

39 (n = 631)

46 (n = 648)

53 (n = 615)

60 (n = 571)

67 (n = 640)

74 (n = 449)

81 (n = 280)

Total (n = 4,837)

Motor-Cognitive Flexibility with Attitudinal Flexibility

.131

.213

.183

.275

.242

.284

.286

.228

.176

.341

Motor-Cognitive Flexibility with Psychomotor Speed

.141

.211

.298

.410

.348

.361

.411

.380

.249

.465

Attitudinal Flexibility with Psychomotor Speed

.218

.292

.242

.345

.349

.325

.330

.281

.271

.383

(p.447)

table A-11.1 Intercorrelations Among Life Complexity Inventory Work Variables

Variable

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

1. Reading/writing

2. Dealing with people

.20

3. Number of employees

.16

.26

4. Speed control

.03

.04

.11

5. Working under time pressure

.08

.17

.20

.43

6. Working with hands

−.09

.00

−.01

.11

.11

7. Routinization of tasks

−.05

−.08

−.12

.06

−.01

.19

8. Task duration

−.05

−.14

−.01

.02

−.02

.10

.11

(p.448)

table A-12.1 Inter correlations for the 13 Personality Factor Scales

Age

25 (n = 381)

32 (n = 450)

39 (n = 560)

46 (n = 589)

53 (n = 530)

60 (n = 505)

67 (n = 338)

74 (n = 542)

81 (n = 433)

Total (n = 4,200)

Affectothymia–Community Involvement

−.024

−.051

−.059

−.111

−.096

−.162

−.139

−.092

−.143

−.113

Affectothymia–Conservatism

.147

.049

.006

−.058

−.009

−.021

−.038

−.128

−.068

−.039

Affectothymia–Group Dependency

.147

.191

.162

.151

.137

.182

.164

.124

.151

.170

Affectothymia–Honesty

.189

.221

.218

.267

.294

.255

.228

.236

.196

.258

Affectothymia–Inflexibility

−.188

−.298

−.245

−.335

−.346

−.328

−.316

−.340

−.361

−.334

Affectothymia–Interest in Science

−.100

−.148

−.136

−.184

−.159

−.170

−.124

−.203

−.193

−.160

Affectothymia–Low Self-Esteem

.060

.102

.119

.159

.196

.131

.176

.170

.142

.158

Affectothymia–Political Concern

.103

.152

.081

.151

.101

.126

.117

.138

.000

.088

Affectothymia–Premsia

.091

.103

.095

−.026

.037

.096

.094

.050

.031

.071

Affectothymia–Superego Strength

−.167

−.184

−.145

−.230

−.160

−.205

−.203

−.200

−.252

−.203

Affectothymia–Threctia

.202

.336

.295

.336

.384

.379

.274

.352

.321

.335

Affectothymia–Untroubled Adequacy

.091

.016

.080

−.001

−.012

−.065

.015

−.028

.029

−.012

Community Involvement–Conservatism

.061

.111

.103

.093

.123

.198

.117

.135

.148

.137

Community Involvement–Group Dependency

−.207

−.146

−.157

−.114

−.192

−.254

−.268

−.273

−.287

−.220

Community Involvement–Honesty

−.308

−.150

−.209

−.288

−.281

−.277

−.285

−.373

−.345

−.282

Community Involvement–Inflexibility

.266

.207

.194

.267

.266

.301

.334

.326

.340

.300

Community Involvement–Interest in Science

−.019

−.071

−.124

−.030

.083

−.035

−.018

−.027

.075

−.017

Community Involvement–Low Self-Esteem

−.255

−.108

−.152

−.231

−.226

−.302

−.383

−.331

−.270

−.260

Community Involvement–Political Concern

.239

.263

.217

.211

.203

.247

.061

.165

.094

.214

Community Involvement–Premsia

−.060

−.063

−.024

.055

−.103

−.040

−.036

−.037

−.083

−.047

Community Involvement–Superego Strength

.090

.020

.015

.082

.058

.096

.154

.077

.130

.088

Community Involvement–Threctia

−.072

−.019

−.043

−.047

−.134

−.090

−.059

−.100

−.144

−.089

Community Involvement–Untroubled Adequacy

.179

.154

.154

.209

.279

.228

.179

.240

.222

.222

Conservatism–Group Dependency

−.169

−.063

−.113

−.106

−.075

−.124

−.054

−.095

−.170

−.131

Conservatism–Honesty

.052

.040

−.068

−.048

−.076

−.028

−.035

.013

−.134

−.066

Conservatism–Inflexibility

.179

.119

.233

.141

.174

.149

.179

.140

.117

.208

Conservatism–Interest in Science

.074

−.123

−.026

−.150

.022

−.044

−.059

−.043

−.008

−.033

Conservative–Low Self-Esteem

−.134

−.085

−.155

−.096

−.025

−.123

−.103

−.109

−.079

−.126

Conservatism–Political Concern

.275

.194

.255

.192

.133

.220

.049

.081

.186

.208

Conservatism–Premsia

−.223

−.125

−.192

−.180

−.150

−.148

−.177

−.174

−.199

−.183

Conservatism–Superego Strength

.025

.040

.062

−.012

.033

−.021

.033

.091

−.080

.042

Conservatism–Threctia

.019

.029

−.053

.008

−.070

−.012

−.056

−.061

−.133

−.051

Conservatism–Untroubled Adequacy

.111

.078

.143

.061

.067

.086

.011

.036

.108

.109

Group Dependency–Honesty

.261

.199

.257

.285

.346

.347

.363

.310

.441

.332

Group Dependency–Inflexibility

−.273

−.186

−.197

−.215

−.240

−.237

−.304

−.311

−.324

−.294

Group Dependency–Interest in Science

−.099

−.104

−.050

−.137

−.181

−.098

−.044

−.052

−.079

−.108

Group Dependency–Low Self-Esteem

.398

.347

.338

.293

.317

.423

.332

.371

.456

.371

Group Dependency–Political Concern

−.178

−.064

−.066

−.048

−.086

−.178

−.110

−.130

−.123

−.142

Group Dependency–Premsia

.130

.064

.083

−.009

.114

.091

.008

.022

.105

.074

Group Dependency–Superego Strength

−.350

−.347

−.292

−.338

−.310

−.276

−.286

−.192

−.271

−.308

Group Dependency–Threctia

.198

.048

.111

.072

.061

.149

.109

.142

.209

.129

Group Dependency–Untroubled Adequacy

.005

−.146

−.135

−.083

−.225

−.128

−.111

−.216

−.251

−.174

Honesty–Inflexibility

−.387

−.406

−.378

−.428

−.489

−.434

−.458

−.481

−.463

−.478

Honesty–Interest in Science

−.113

−.159

−.141

−.209

−.216

−.198

−.159

−.156

−.198

−.180

Honesty–Low Self-Esteem

.192

.098

.158

.243

.243

.194

.303

.169

.257

.232

Honesty–Political Concern

−.064

−.066

−.034

−.017

.027

−.105

−.093

−.139

−.067

−.095

Honesty–Premsia

.062

.051

.123

.025

.100

.079

.052

.036

.066

.075

Honesty–Superego Strength

−.270

−.056

−.135

−.190

−.214

−.217

−.310

−.170

−.287

−.217

Honesty–Threctia

.123

.162

.180

.208

.227

.300

.246

.236

.284

.239

Honesty–Untroubled Adequacy

−.219

−.291

−.209

−.216

−.208

−.236

−.291

−.331

−.196

.285

Inflexibility–Interest in Science

.238

.077

.237

.219

.220

.219

.211

.191

.185

.209

Inflexibility–Low Self-Esteem

−.171

−.106

−.189

−.228

−.228

−.245

−.300

−.310

−.279

−.266

Inflexibility–Political Concern

.116

.095

.156

.127

.029

.148

.097

.055

.077

.160

Inflexibility–Premsia

−.187

−.172

−.189

−.025

−.160

−.160

−.172

−.124

−.205

−.167

Inflexibility–Superego Strength

.177

.169

.148

.190

.210

.196

.265

.182

.208

.220

Inflexibility–Threctia

−.169

−.247

−.203

−.231

−.290

−.290

−.255

−.233

−.439

−.281

Inflexibility–Untroubled Adequacy

.235

.242

.201

.199

.199

321

.236

.287

.223

.285

Interest in Science–Low Self-Esteem

.027

.028

.056

−.022

−.074

−.034

−.029

−.024

.039

−.020

Interest in Science–Political Concern

−.022

.070

−.044

−.022

−.024

−.049

−.015

−.079

−.087

−.006

Interest in Science–Premsia

−.125

−.107

−.057

.011

−.059

−.156

−.119

−.136

−.104

−.095

Interest in Science–Superego Strength

.260

.178

.183

.223

.278

.247

.202

.174

.278

.224

Interest in Science–Threctia

−.151

−.170

−.183

−.121

−.167

−.153

−.249

−.105

−.212

−.168

Interest in Science–Untroubled Adequacy

−.095

.012

−.047

−.015

.035

−.031

−.014

−.015

−.023

−.002

Low Self-Esteem–Political Concern

.055

−.038

−.055

−.009

−.037

−.174

−.126

−.030

−.188

−.087

Low Self-Esteem–Premsia

.123

.071

.102

−.048

.011

−.034

−.013

−.019

.033

.034

Low Self-Esteem–Superego Strength

−.154

−.146

−.212

−.166

−.167

−.150

−.190

−.116

−.130

−.177

Low Self-Esteem–Threctia

.013

−.016

.051

.044

.128

.070

.043

.034

.053

.065

Low Self-Esteem–Untroubled Adequacy

−.062

−.052

−.046

−.048

−.106

−.122

−.139

−.101

−.139

−.115

Political Concern–Premsia

−.001

−.015

−.031

.059

−.062

−.039

−.017

.046

−.072

−.027

Political Concern–Superego Strength

.002

−.080

.000

−.043

−.070

−.033

−.062

−.076

−.084

−.026

Political Concern–Threctia

.049

.027

.063

.013

.107

.037

−.009

.020

−.052

.016

Political Concern–Untroubled Adequacy

.177

.242

.188

.137

.152

.077

.224

.144

.089

.206

Premsia–Superego Strength

−.139

−.143

−.127

.007

−.069

−.102

−.100

−.108

−.039

−.099

Premsia–Threctia

.149

.057

.090

.042

.044

.049

.123

.071

.155

.089

Premsia–Untroubled Adequacy

−.004

.012

−.027

.063

−.029

−.016

.030

.026

−.075

−.012

Superego Strength–Threctia

−.096

−.122

−.146

−.074

−.112

−.131

−.117

−.115

−.181

−.130

Superego Strength–Untroubled Adequacy

−.023

−.011

−.052

.062

.000

.065

.058

.068

−.014

−.037

Threctia–Untroubled Adequacy

.087

−.008

.113

−.037

.016

−.041

−.040

−.119

−.051

−.025

(p.449) (p.450) (p.451)

table A-12.2 Intercorrelations for the NEO Personality Questionnaire Scales

Age

25 (n = 34)

32 (n = 145)

39 (n = 308)

46 (n = 419)

53 (n = 388)

60 (n = 333)

67 (n = 338)

74 (n = 331)

81 (n = 227)

88 (n = 59)

Total (n = 2,582)

Neuroticism–Extraversion

−.127

−.291

−.361

−.440

−.350

−.335

−.407

−.254

−.249

−.202

−.319

Neuroticism–Openness

−.080

.092

−.058

−.128

−.131

−.081

−.157

−.045

−.040

−.202

−.048

Neuroticism–Agreeableness

−.034

−.150

−.225

−.262

−.297

−.190

−.204

−.155

−.282

−.277

−.247

Neuroticism–Conscientiousness

−.064

−.504

−.445

−.472

−.465

−.513

−.452

−.455

−.522

−.559

−.476

Extraversion–Openness

.113

.332

.246

.397

.465

.323

.430

.393

.540

.004

.400

Extraversion–Agreeableness

−.154

.128

.017

.182

.105

.048

.128

.139

.161

.087

.078

Extraversion–Conscientiousness

.134

.133

.339

.214

.277

.146

.422

.365

.258

.207

.266

Openness–Agreeableness

−.099

.055

.051

.161

.139

.107

.115

.166

.069

.076

.067

Openness–Conscientiousness

−.096

−.109

.045

.000

.014

−.084

.102

.076

−.028

−.036

.007

Agreeableness–Conscientiousness

−.074

.067

.046

.110

.125

.194

.197

.111

.266

.048

.131

(p.452)

table A-17.1 Intercorrelations Among the Psychometric and Neuropsychology Measures (N = 499)

Measure

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

Correlations Among the Neuropsychology Measures

1. PMA Reasoning

.78

.81

.63

.56

.54

.54

.52

.65

.35

.38

.47

.44

.50

.48

.49

.27

2. ADEPT Letter Series

.75

.64

.51

.48

.49

.51

.56

.33

.36

.46

.40

.46

.42

.47

.45

3. Word Series

.60

.51

.51

.51

.49

.61

.37

.38

.44

.41

.48

.48

.49

.47

4. Number Series

.46

.41

.43

.48

.53

.27

.30

.46

.48

.51

.35

.33

.34

5. PMA Space

.77

.66

.55

.46

.22

.22

.35

.33

.33

.27

.25

.23

6. Object Rotation

.70

.51

.49

.24

.19

.32

.30

.32

.27

.26

.24

7. Alphanumeric Rotation

.52

.50

.25

.20

.32

.32

.36

.29

.32

.32

8. Cube Comparison

.42

.10

.13

.33

.32

.38

.28

.23

.21

9. PMA Verbal Meaning

.52

.53

.47

.48

.52

.50

.51

.47

10. ETS Vocabulary II

.79

.23

.21

.25

.37

.35

.27

11. ETS Vocabulary IV

.23

.21

.25

.46

.39

.32

12. PMA Number

.82

.72

.35

.26

.26

13. ETS Addition

.81

.38

.28

.28

14. Subtraction/Multiplication

.38

.33

.33

15. PMA Word Fluency

.46

.43

16. Immediate Recall

.90

17. Delayed Recall

Measure

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

12

13

14

15

16

17

Correlations Between the Neuropsychology and Psychometric Measures

18. Boston Naming

.27

.26

.29

.24

.30

.31

.27

.26

.34

.27

.24

.11

.06

.12

.19

.23

.23

19. Fuld Retrieval

.41

.39

.44

.24

.28

.33

.30

.21

.42

.20

.20

.22

.23

.26

.32

.54

.57

20. Fuld Rapid Retrieval

.46

.39

.50

.29

.26

.27

.34

.24

.51

.31

.35

.29

.34

.36

.59

.50

.50

21. Mattis Total

.44

.42

.44

.30

.35

.33

.30

.20

.44

.33

.37

.30

.28

.32

.39

.47

.44

22. WMS-R Immediate

.42

.44

.44

.28

.27

.26

.23

.19

.40

.35

.39

.16

.14

.17

.29

.46

.45

23. WMS-R Delayed

.42

.46

.41

.31

.28

.29

.24

.22

.40

.32

.38

.18

.16

.22

.33

.53

.54

24. WAIS-R Digit Span

.37

.34

.41

.34

.25

.20

.20

.15

.34

.33

.35

.35

.20

.26

.40

.26

.25

25. WAIS-R Vocabulary

.42

.38

.40

.31

.28

.26

.26

.20

.50

.65

.73

.23

.24

.25

.45

.41

.35

26. WAIS-R Comprehension

.30

.30

.32

.27

.36

.22

.20

.16

.37

.44

.51

.14

.15

.19

.29

.32

.29

27. WAIS-R Block Design

.57

.56

.53

.53

.56

.51

.52

.52

.50

.27

.27

.34

.33

.36

.33

.37

.35

28. WAIS-R Digit Symbol

.62

.53

.59

.52

.49

.48

.50

.51

.62

.19

.19

.43

.51

.58

.42

.45

.27

29. MMSE

.40

.45

.45

.35

.26

.23

.26

.22

.44

.33

.33

.39

.33

.38

.36

.47

.44

30. Verbal Fluency

.36

.36

.33

.29

.25

.28

.25

.24

.43

.36

.41

.14

.18

.25

.37

.40

.34

31. Word List Recall

.31

.32

.30

.17

.20

.19

.19

.14

.37

.18

.24

.14

.16

.21

.30

.59

.60

32. Praxis Delayed

.40

.41

.40

.36

.38

.36

.36

.31

.39

.19

.21

.20

.19

.26

.30

.38

.38

33. Trails A

−.46

−.39

−.46

−.35

−.41

−.40

−.41

−.40

−.44

−.13

−.12

−.27

−.30

−.34

−.36

−.34

−.33

34. Trails B

−.59

−.55

−.59

−.50

−.46

−.50

−.48

−.46

−.59

−.25

−.24

−.42

−.44

−.47

−.40

−.42

−.40

Measure

19

20

21

22

23

24

25

26

27

28

29

30

31

32

33

35

Correlations Among the Neuropsychology Measures

18. Boston Naming

.26

.29

.29

.31

.28

.13

.32

.30

.33

.27

.24

.32

.22

.32

−.28

−.34

19. Fuld Retrieval

.54

.44

.46

.51

.21

.27

.25

.37

.50

.42

.35

.62

.47

−.39

−.48

20. Fuld Rapid Retrieval

.45

.41

.45

.29

.43

.33

.41

.54

.40

.51

.44

.37

−.45

−.47

21. Mattis Total

.41

.40

.31

.50

.46

.36

.43

.41

.34

.39

.36

−.30

−.40

22. WMS-R Immediate

.90

.21

.45

.39

.32

.31

.42

.40

.53

.50

−.24

−.35

23. WMS-R Delayed

.17

.44

.37

.33

.34

.44

.42

.59

.43

−.25

−.36

24. WAIS-R Digit Span

.36

.30

.29

.28

.32

.17

.14

.14

−.24

−.30

25. WAIS-R Vocabulary

.69

.39

.26

.34

.44

.29

.33

−.21

−.32

26. WAIS-R Comprehension

.37

.23

.29

.36

.29

.31

−.21

−.26

27. WAIS-R Block Design

.55

.38

.38

.28

.46

−.46

−.52

28. WAIS-R Digit Symbol

.37

.38

.39

.41

−.60

−.62

29. MMSE

.31

.40

.33

−.27

−.40

30. Verbal Fluency

.35

.31

−.28

−.36

31. Word List Recall

.44

−.24

−.32

32. Praxis Delayed

−.30

−.42

33. Trails A

.57

34. Trails B

Note. ADEPT, Adult Development and Enrichment Project; ETS, Educational Testing Service; MMSE, Mini-Mental State Examination; PMA, Primary Mental Abilities; WAIS-R, Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale–Revised; WMS-R, Wechsler Memory Scale–Revised.

All correlations are significant at the .05 level of confidence.

(p.453) (p.454)