The Third Function: A Hypothesis on the Mysterious Skull of Peking Man
This chapter discusses the cranial anatomy of Homo erectus. The evolving hominid skull form is interpreted as resulting from three major functional imperatives: housing a brain rapidly increasing in size, serving as the bony anchor for the teeth and the muscles that move them, and, in the case of Homo erectus, defending against blunt trauma. Paleopathological evidence supporting a defensive function for Homo erectus skull form is discussed.
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