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Great God Aʼmighty! The Dixie HummingbirdsCelebrating the Rise of Soul Gospel Music$
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Jerry Zolten

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780195152722

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195152722.001.0001

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“Twelve Gates to the City” (1943–1944)

“Twelve Gates to the City” (1943–1944)

(p.79) 4 “Twelve Gates to the City” (1943–1944)
Great God Aʼmighty! The Dixie Hummingbirds

Jerry Zolten

Oxford University Press

Starting in the 1940s, war rationing restricted the consumption of gasoline and automobile tires, and in September of 1942, the American Federation of Musicians imposed on its members a “300-mile jump limit,” the distance traveled between performance sites. Moreover, the “wildcatting” that had been such an adventure in their earlier days was wearing the Hummingbirds down. They were coming to terms with the idea that radical changes would have to be made. The solution lay to the north. The Dixie Hummingbirds would first move to Washington, D.C., and then to Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

Keywords:   Dixie Hummingbirds, gospel music, wildcatting, Washington, Philadelphia

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