On-line Monitoring of Public Health Surveillance Data
The Ascertainment and Enhancement of Gastrointestinal Infection Surveillance and Statistics (AEGISS) project aims to use spatial statistical methods to identify anomalies in the space-time distribution of nonspecific, gastrointestinal infections in the United Kingdom, using the Southampton area in southern England as a test case. This chapter uses the AEGISS project to discuss the methodologic issues in developing a rapid-response, spatial surveillance system. It considers simple, exploratory statistical methods together with more sophisticated methods, based on hierarchical space-time stochastic process models defined either at individual or small-area levels.
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