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The Cognitive Neuroscience of MemoryAn Introduction$
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Howard Eichenbaum

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195141740

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195141740.001.0001

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Multiple Memory Systems in the Brain

Multiple Memory Systems in the Brain

Chapter:
(p.195) 8 Multiple Memory Systems in the Brain
Source:
The Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory
Author(s):

Howard Eichenbaum

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195141740.003.0008

This chapter reviews studies on multiple memory systems in the brain. These studies show that the hippocampal region mediates memory for adoption of the “place” strategy in a T-maze and expression of episodic memories in rats, and memory for facts and events in humans. The striatum plays a critical role in the learning of habitual behavioral responses as reflected in the “response” strategy in a T-maze and stimulus-approach learning in the radial maze by rats and in probabilistic cue-response associations in humans. Furthermore, these studies have provided compelling evidence that the amygdala is critical to emotional learning, as reflected in the acquisition of cue preferences in rats and conditioned emotional responses in humans. Across all these experiments, a salient theme is that these different forms of memory, even for the identical learning materials, are mediated largely independently and in parallel.

Keywords:   multiple memory, double dissociation, declarative memory, emotional memory, T-maze, expression, stimulus-approach learning

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