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The Cognitive Neuroscience of MemoryAn Introduction$
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Howard Eichenbaum

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195141740

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195141740.001.0001

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A Brain System for Procedural Memory

A Brain System for Procedural Memory

Chapter:
(p.237) 10 A Brain System for Procedural Memory
Source:
The Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory
Author(s):

Howard Eichenbaum

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195141740.003.0010

Researchers have divided procedural memory into two general types. One type involves the acquisition of habits and skills, the capacity for a very broad variety of stereotyped and unconscious behavioral repertoires. The other type of procedural memory involves specific sensory-to-motor adaptations, that is, adjustments of reflexes, such as changing the force exerted to compensate for a new load, or acquisition of conditioned reflexes that involve novel motor responses to a new sensory contingency. This chapter analyzes the brain systems that support these two types of unconscious learning. It shows that procedural learning is mediated by a complex circuitry involving the motor cortical areas and two main subcortical loops, one through the striatum and another through the cerebellum.

Keywords:   learning, procedural memory, striatal habit subsystem, striatum, cerebellum

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