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The Cognitive Neuroscience of MemoryAn Introduction$
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Howard Eichenbaum

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195141740

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: May 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195141740.001.0001

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A Brain System for Procedural Memory

A Brain System for Procedural Memory

(p.237) 10 A Brain System for Procedural Memory
The Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory

Howard Eichenbaum

Oxford University Press

Researchers have divided procedural memory into two general types. One type involves the acquisition of habits and skills, the capacity for a very broad variety of stereotyped and unconscious behavioral repertoires. The other type of procedural memory involves specific sensory-to-motor adaptations, that is, adjustments of reflexes, such as changing the force exerted to compensate for a new load, or acquisition of conditioned reflexes that involve novel motor responses to a new sensory contingency. This chapter analyzes the brain systems that support these two types of unconscious learning. It shows that procedural learning is mediated by a complex circuitry involving the motor cortical areas and two main subcortical loops, one through the striatum and another through the cerebellum.

Keywords:   learning, procedural memory, striatal habit subsystem, striatum, cerebellum

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