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Challenging Inequities in HealthFrom Ethics to Action$
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Timothy Evans, Margaret Whitehead, Finn Diderichsen, Abbas Bhuiya, and Meg Wirth

Print publication date: 2001

Print ISBN-13: 9780195137408

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137408.001.0001

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Vietnam: Efficient, Equity-Oriented Financial Strategies for Health

Vietnam: Efficient, Equity-Oriented Financial Strategies for Health

Chapter:
(p.296) Chapter 20 Vietnam: Efficient, Equity-Oriented Financial Strategies for Health
Source:
Challenging Inequities in Health
Author(s):

PHAM MANH HUNG

TRUONG VIET DZUNG

GÖRAN DAHLGREN

TRAN TUAN

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195137408.003.0020

This chapter provides a unique look at policymakers' commitment to equity in health in the face of multiple political and economic pressures. The Vietnamese have had a traditional focus on equity, early on creating an impressive health infrastructure that extended throughout the country. Vietnam's overall health performance in terms of life expectancy is remarkably high given its level of economic development. In 1989, however, the legislature implemented Doi Moi (meaning change to the new), resulting in privatization of trade and social services (including health), and the opening up of markets. Cuts in public spending and introduction of user fees for public services were part of this prescription. Faced with these challenges, the chapter presents policymakers' approaches to developing a health financing system that would be both equitable and efficient.

Keywords:   Vietnam, health financing, equity, efficiency, political pressures, economic pressures, Doi Moi

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