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Drinking, Conduct Disorder, and Social ChangeNavajo Experiences$
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Stephen J. Kunitz and Jerrold E. Levy

Print publication date: 2000

Print ISBN-13: 9780195136159

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136159.001.0001

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Risk and Protective Factors Affecting Navajo Women's Drinking Patterns

Risk and Protective Factors Affecting Navajo Women's Drinking Patterns

Chapter:
(p.140) 9 RISK AND PROTECTIVE FACTORS AFFECTING NAVAJO WOMEN'S DRINKING PATTERNS
Source:
Drinking, Conduct Disorder, and Social Change
Author(s):

Joanne McCloskey

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195136159.003.0009

Case studies of two alcohol dependent Navajo women and two non-alcohol dependent Navajo women illustrate the risk and protective factors that affect their patterns of alcohol use throughout the life course. During childhood, a mother's drinking, experiencing physical and sexual abuse, and living in a smaller, nuclear family residence may contribute to later problem drinking. In late adolescence and adulthood, a partner who drinks, the experience of domestic violence, and a woman's polysubstance use predict drinking. Personal factors, such as having at least a high school education and steady wage work, promote resiliency. For Navajo women with an alcohol abusing partner, domestic violence becomes a major threat that becomes even greater when she also drinks. Whereas during childhood a mother's drinking increases the likelihood of adult drinking, during adulthood Navajo women's husbands or partners play an influential role.

Keywords:   Navajo women, alcohol abuse, risk factors, protective factors, resiliency, physical abuse, sexual abuse

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