Jump to ContentJump to Main Navigation
Understanding GenocideThe Social Psychology of the Holocaust$
Users without a subscription are not able to see the full content.

Leonard S. Newman and Ralph Erber

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195133622

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195133622.001.0001

Show Summary Details
Page of

PRINTED FROM OXFORD SCHOLARSHIP ONLINE (www.oxfordscholarship.com). (c) Copyright Oxford University Press, 2018. All Rights Reserved. Under the terms of the licence agreement, an individual user may print out a PDF of a single chapter of a monograph in OSO for personal use (for details see www.oxfordscholarship.com/page/privacy-policy).date: 24 September 2018

Population and Perpetrators

Population and Perpetrators

Preconditions for the Holocaust From a Control-Theoretical Perspective

(p.188) 8 Population and Perpetrators
Understanding Genocide

Dieter Frey

Helmut Rez

Oxford University Press

The Holocaust did not begin in the gas chambers of Belzec, Sobibór, Auschwitz, Maidanek, Chelmno, or Treblinka. The foundations for this genocide were laid years before by a successful political movement eager to implement its anti-Semitic program and by a population that, for a number of reasons, widely accepted and approved of the regime. This chapter explains the preconditions for the Holocaust by applying the social-psychological model of cognitive control, which appears to be highly suitable for analyzing the psychological conditions that authoritarian regimes need in order to assume power in general. This theory presents essential insights into the causes of the Nazi movement, as well as the motivational structure of the Holocaust perpetrators. This chapter also examines whether social psychology can explain complex historical events and whether theories based on intra-individual and inter-individual processes are applicable to social groups and nations as a whole. It focuses on anti-Semitism in Germany, why the Holocaust took place in Germany, and why Adolf Hitler found supporters and helpers to carry out the extermination of Jews.

Keywords:   Holocaust, cognitive control, social psychology, perpetrators, social groups, genocide, Germany, Jews, Adolf Hitler, anti-Semitism

Oxford Scholarship Online requires a subscription or purchase to access the full text of books within the service. Public users can however freely search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter.

Please, subscribe or login to access full text content.

If you think you should have access to this title, please contact your librarian.

To troubleshoot, please check our FAQs , and if you can't find the answer there, please contact us .