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A Working Life for People with Severe Mental Illness$
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Deborah R. Becker and Robert E. Drake

Print publication date: 2003

Print ISBN-13: 9780195131215

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: January 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195131215.001.0001

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Introduction

Introduction

Chapter:
(p.3) 1 Introduction
Source:
A Working Life for People with Severe Mental Illness
Author(s):

Deborah R. Becker

Robert E. Drake

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195131215.003.0001

This introductory chapter summarizes the nature of mental health and vocational services during the period preceding the development of IPS supported employment. Deinstitutionalization failed to change treatment attitudes. Clients were transferred to community settings that replicated aspects of previous hospital care with close supervision and a lack of meaningful activities. Vocational rehabilitation programs similarly provided protected and segregated work experiences.

Keywords:   deinstitutionalization, community integration, paternalistic treatment models, traditional vocational services

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