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Israel in EgyptThe Evidence for the Authenticity of the Exodus Tradition$
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James K. Hoffmeier

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780195130881

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195130881.001.0001

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Concluding Remarks

Concluding Remarks

(p.223) 10 Concluding Remarks
Israel in Egypt

James K. Hoffmeier

Oxford University Press

This chapter shows the picture that emerges regarding Israel's national origins in Egypt as the Bible records them. It has been shown that in nearly all periods there were Asiatics living in Egypt, especially in the First and Second Intermediate Periods. As the Middle Kingdom was breaking up, or early in the Second Intermediate Period, appears to have been the most likely time when the family of Jacob emigrated to Egypt and Joseph served as a court official. After a century of domination of Egypt by the Hyksos, it seems that repressive measures were taken against the remaining Semites in Egypt. It has also been shown that the name “Moses” is at home in the New Kingdom. Finally, important geographical questions have been answered that demonstrate that a coherent and singular route is described in Exodus and Numbers for the departure from Egypt to Sinai, despite it not being possible to plot this on a map with absolute certainty.

Keywords:   Israel, Egypt, Bible, First Intermediate Period, Second Intermediate Period, Middle Kingdom, Jacob, Hyksos, Semites, Moses

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