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Laboratory Reference for Clinical Neurophysiology$
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Jay A. Liveson and Dong M. Ma

Print publication date: 1999

Print ISBN-13: 9780195129243

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195129243.001.0001

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Esoteric Techniques

Esoteric Techniques

Chapter:
(p.263) Chapter 10 Esoteric Techniques
Source:
Laboratory Reference for Clinical Neurophysiology
Author(s):

Jay A. Liveson

Dong M. Ma

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195129243.003.0010

The jaw jerk (or masseter reflex) is a monosynaptic reflex that presents an opportunity to study the peripheral and central function of the trigeminal nerve. It is elicited by tapping the midpoint of the chin with a special reflex hammer containing a microswitch to simultaneously trigger the sweep of the oscilloscope. Surface recordings are made bilaterally from the masseter muscles. Stimulation of the spinal cord can be accomplished with specialized stimulators, capable of delivering high voltages or high-density magnetic fields. The cervical spinal cord can be stimulated, however, with equipment normally present in the electromyography laboratory. The latency obtained is a combination of conduction time through the spinal cord, plus peripheral conduction through the sciatic nerve. The peripheral component can be determined by eliciting the corresponding M and minimal F waves on peroneal stimulation at the fibular head.

Keywords:   jaw jerk, trigeminal nerve, spinal cord, peripheral conduction, fibular head, microswitch, masseter muscles, sciatic nerve, electromyography

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