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Something to Live ForThe Music of Billy Strayhorn$

Walter van de Leur

Print publication date: 2002

Print ISBN-13: 9780195124484

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2008

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195124484.001.0001

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(p.262) Appendix D Billy Strayhorn’s Compositions

(p.262) Appendix D Billy Strayhorn’s Compositions

Source:
Something to Live For
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

Appendix D lists all of Strayhorn’s known compositions, as well as those attributed to him, whether recorded or not. Authorship is established on the basis of original manuscripts and their provenance. As much as possible, other sources, such as interviews, articles, spoken introductions at concerts, credits on LPs and record labels, as well as copyright registrations have been taken into consideration.

The date gives the year of composition, as close as possible, again based on autographs, recordings, interviews, articles, and manuscript provenance. Still, dates listed are approximate. If the copyright date deviates from the date of composition, this is listed as well.

The attribution of authorship in this list willingly stays on the conservative side: in case of any reasonable doubt a work is not listed. For that reason some four dozen vocal tunes credited to Ellington but apparently only existent as Stray-horn manuscripts have been omitted, since musically they provide insufficient proof of Strayhorn’s authorship.

Because of the thin line between composition and arrangement, the truly joint works (the handful of pieces that both composers evidently worked on together) are treated on a case-by-case basis. Even though Strayhorn contributed to Black, Brown and Beige and Harlem, it would be an overstatement to list him as co-composer for these works, since they were conceived by Ellington. Yet, when Stray-horn added significantly to an Ellington work, be it thematically, harmonically, or structurally, the piece gets listed as a co-composition. Thus, the unfinished Ellington work Blutopia, expanded by Strayhorn into a full playable work, is listed as a co-composition, whereas Blue Belles of Harlem is not listed: unlike Blutopia, Blue Belles was a finished, self-contained Ellington composition before Strayhorn reworked it. C-Jam Blues, on the other hand, is listed as a co-composition, because Strayhorn expanded the earlier C Blues, first credited to Ellington.

(p.263) A significant number of compositions remained unrecorded during Stray-horn’s life. Listed here are only those unrecorded works that seem to be finished, self-contained compositions, that is, compositions that consist of a melodically and harmonically rounded-out statement. Consequently, some two hundred sketches are not listed.

As much as possible, each entry gives the original or oldest known title, together with all relevant alternate titles. Discographers tend to list all known alternate titles, but that is not the purpose here. Strayhorn’s Johnny Come Lately, for instance, had been recorded and copyrighted under that title before it got listed as Stomp in the January 1943 Carnegie Hall program. That alternate title is of little relevance here and is therefore not given. By contrast, the original autograph for Johnny Come Lately has an earlier title (Moe) which is therefore listed.

Movements from suites are listed under the respective suite’s title.

  • “A” Blues. Billy Strayhorn. 1962. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • Absinthe. See Lament for an Orchid.

  • After All. Billy Strayhorn. 1941. Copyright registered 1942.

  • Agra. See Far East Suite (movement 7).

  • Air-Conditioned Jungle. Billy Strayhorn and Jimmy Hamilton. 1945. Copyright registered in the names of Duke Ellington and Jimmy Hamilton.

  • AIX. See A Midnight in Paris.

  • All Aboard. See Anchors Aweigh.

  • All Day Long. Billy Strayhorn. 1951. Copyright registered 1955. Alternate title: Lavender Lift.

  • All Heart (movement 2 of A Portrait of Ella Fitzgerald). See Entrance of Youth.

  • All Roads Lead Back to You. See Charlotte Russe.

  • Allah Bye. Billy Strayhorn. 1942. Copyright registered 1960.

  • Alouette. See On the Riviera.

  • Amad. See Far Fast Suite (movement 8).

  • Anatomy of a Murder.

    • Polly’s Theme. Billy Strayhorn. 1959. Copyright registered as Haupê and Low Key Lightly in the name of Duke Ellington. Alternate titles: Polly # 1, Polly A Train, Polly Did, Polly Did Continued, Polly Lead, Polly Mix, and Polly Prime. Copyright registered posthumously as Themes from Anatomy of a Murder (1994).

  • Anchors Aweigh. Billy Strayhorn and Honi Coles (unidentified sections). 1962. All copyrights registered posthumously (2000). Known titles:

    • Anchors Aweigh.

    • Bon VoyageWelcome Aboard. Alternate title: All Aboard.

    • (p.264)
    • Cook and Brown.

    • Drill.

    • Everything Is Copasetic. Alternate titles: The Copasetics Song and Copasetic.

    • New Low Down.

    • Swing Dance. Copyright registered posthumously (1998).

  • Anitra’s Dance. See Peer Gynt Suites Nos. 1 and 2 (movement 5).

  • Arabesque Cookie. See Nutcracker Suite (movement 9).

  • Åse’s Death. See Peer Gynt Suites Nos. 1 and 2 (movement 4).

  • BDB. Billy Strayhorn. 1961. Copyright registered in the names of Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (1964).

  • Baby Clementine. See Clementine.

  • Bagatelle. Billy Strayhorn. 1957. Copyright registered posthumously (1994).

  • Balcony Serenade. See Perfume Suite (movement 1).

  • Ballad for Very Tired and Very Sad Lotus Eaters. Billy Strayhorn. 1956. Copyright registered 1964.

  • Ballet of the Flying Saucers. See A Drum Is a Woman.

  • Barefoot Stamper. Author(s) not established (score has not been located). Undated. Copyright registered in the names of Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (1965).

  • Barney Goin’ Easy. Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn. 1939. Copyright registered as I’m Checkin’ OutGoom Bye (1939), in the names of Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (words and music).

  • Beauty and Talent. See Rose-Colored Glasses.

  • Beggar’s Holiday. See Themes from Beggar’s Holiday.

  • Beyond Category. See A Portrait of Ella Fitzgerald (movement 3).

  • Big Fat Alice’s Blues. Author(s) not established (no score has been located). Undated. Copyright registered in the names of Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (1965).

  • Big White Mountain. See Saturday Laughter.

  • Bioscope Song. See Saturday Laughter.

  • Bip. Billy Strayhorn. 1949. Copyright registered posthumously as Blues in Purple (1996).

  • Blood Count. Billy Strayhorn. 1966. Copyright registered 1967. Alternate title: Blue Cloud (no relation to the similarly titled second movement of the North by Southwest Suite).

  • Blossom. Johnny Mercer (words), Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (music). 1954.

  • Blousons Noirs. Billy Strayhorn. 1962. Copyright registered posthumously (2000). Credited at the time of its release (1988) to Duke Ellington.

  • Blue Bird of Delhi. See Far East Suite (movement 2).

  • Blue Cloud. See Blood Count.

  • (p.265)
  • Blue Cloud. See North by Southwest Suite (movement 2, Boo Loose).

  • Blue Heart. Billy Strayhorn. 1946. Copyright registered as Paradise (1949).

  • Blue House. Billy Strayhorn. 1941. Copyright registered posthumously (1996).

  • Blue Mural from Two Perspectives, A. Billy Strayhorn. 1965. Also known as A Blue Mural from Two Points of View. No copyright has been filed (score has not been located).

  • Blue Orchid. Billy Strayhorn. 1942.

  • Blue Pepper. See: Far East Suite (movement 6).

  • Blue Star. Billy Strayhorn. 1941. Copyright registered posthumously (1994).

  • Blues I + II. Billy Strayhorn. 1956. Alternate title: Blues. Copyright registered posthumously (2000). Credited at the time of its release to Duke Ellington.

  • Blues in Orbit. See Star Blues.

  • Blues in Purple. See Bip.

  • Blues to Be There. See Newport Jazz Festival Suite (movement 2).

  • Blues. See Blues I + II.

  • Blukie. Billy Strayhorn. 1957. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • Blutopia. Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn. 1944. Copyright registered in the name of Duke Ellington.

  • Boll Weevil Ballet. See Themes from Beggar’s Holiday.

  • Bon Soir Madame. See On the Riviera.

  • Bon VoyageWelcome Aboard. See Anchors Aweigh.

  • Boo Loose. Billy Strayhorn. 1966. Alternate titles: Boo-Lose; Boo Lose; Pretty Little One. See also North by Southwest Suite (movement 2).

  • Boo-Dah. Billy Strayhorn (words and music). 1954.

  • Bounce. Billy Strayhorn. 1941. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • Boom Boom. Billy Strayhorn. 1959. Copyright registered as Tymperturbably Blue, in the names of Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (1959).

  • Brother Big Eyes. See Rose-Colored Glasses.

  • Brown Betty. Billy Strayhorn. 1948. Copyright registered in the names of Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (1951). In a spoken introduction Ellington credits the work to Strayhorn.

  • Brown Penny. See Themes from Beggar’s Holiday.

  • Bugle Breaks. Duke Ellington, Mercer Ellington, and Billy Strayhorn. 1941. Copyright registered 1945.

  • But. See Themes from Jump for Joy (1959).

  • C-Jam Blues. Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn. 1941. Copyright registered in the name of Duke Ellington (1942).

  • Can It Be. Leonard Feather (words) and Billy Strayhorn (music). No copyright filed (score has not been located). As per Tempo Music Catalogue.

  • Can-Can. See On the Riviera.

  • Carribee Joe. See A Drum Is a Woman.

  • (p.266)
  • Cashmere Cutie. Billy Strayhorn. 1957.

  • Chalmeau. Harry Carney and Billy Strayhorn. 1946.

  • Charlotte Russe. Billy Strayhorn. 1945. Copyright registered as Hominy in the name of Billy Strayhorn (1945). Newly registered as All Roads Lead Back to You (1946), in the names of Allan Roy (words) and Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (music). Alternate title: Lotus Blossom.

  • Charpoy. See Lana Turner.

  • Chelsea Bridge. Billy Strayhorn. 1941.

  • Chinoiserie. See Nutcracker Suite (movement 7).

  • Chippy. Billy Strayhorn. Undated. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • Christmas Surprise, A. See A Song for Christmas.

  • Circle. Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn. 1964.

  • Circle. See Felix.

  • Circle of Fourths. See Such Sweet Thunder (movement 12).

  • Clementine. Billy Strayhorn. 1941. Copyright registered 1942. Newly registered as Baby Clementine (1958), in the names of Ruth Roberts, Bill Katz, and Stanley Clayton (words), and Billy Strayhorn (music).

  • Coffee and Kisses. Billy Strayhorn. 1953. Copyright registered posthumously (2000). Credited at the time of its release to F. Hollander and R. Freed, who wrote a different piece by the same title in 1938.

  • Coles and Atkins. See Copasetics Dances.

  • Coloratura. See Perfume Suite (movement 4).

  • Concerto for Piano and Percussion. Billy Strayhorn. 1934. No copyright has been filed (no score has been located).

  • Congo Square. See A Drum Is a Woman.

  • Cook and Brown. See Anchors Aweigh.

  • Cookie. See Copasetics Dances.

  • Copasetic. See Anchors Aweigh.

  • Copasetics Cruise. Billy Strayhorn. 1957. Multimovement Copasetics Dance. No individual titles known (no score has been located).

  • Copasetics Dances. For the annual Copasetics Dance, written between 1951 and 1960, the titles remain unknown, as do most of their individual numbers. The following titles by Billy Strayhorn belong either to one of these lost shows or to any of the known Copasetics Dances (Anchors Aweigh; Copasetics Cruise; Down Dere; On the Riviera):

    • Coles and Atkins.

    • Cookie.

    • Don’t Mind if I Do (no score has been located).

    • Everybody.

    • Everything Is Coming Up.

    • Finale (three finales survive—they have been copyrighted posthumously as Finale 1, Finale 2, and Finale 3).

    • (p.267)
    • Limbo.

    • Opening (four openings survive—they have been copyrighted posthumously as Opening 1, Opening 2, Opening 3, and Opening 4).

    • Phace.

    • Work Song.

  • Copasetics Song, The. See Anchors Aweigh.

  • Cordon Bleu. Billy Strayhorn. 1962. Copyright registered posthumously in the name of Duke Ellington (1988).

  • Cottage on the Hill. See Rose-Colored Glasses.

  • Cream for Supper. See Themes from Beggar’s Holiday.

  • Cue’s Blue Now. Johnny Hodges and Billy Strayhorn. 1959. Copyright registered 1965.

  • Dance of the Floreadores. See Nutcracker Suite (movement 8).

  • Day Dream. Billy Strayhorn. 1939. Copyright registered in the names of Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (1940). Newly registered (1941) in the names of John LaTouche (words) and Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (music).

  • Deep South Suite. 1946. All copyrights registered in the names of Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (1947), unless stated otherwise:

    • Movement 1, Magnolias Dripping with Molasses. Duke Ellington. Copyright registered in the name of Duke Ellington (1947).

    • Movement 2, Hear Say. Billy Strayhorn. Alternate titles: Hearsay and O. W. Hearsay.

    • Movement 3, There Was Nobody Lookin’. Duke Ellington.

    • Movement 4, Happy-Go-Lucky-Local. Duke Ellington.

  • Depk. See Far East Suite (movement 4).

  • Dew. Billy Strayhorn. 1942.

  • Diamond Jubilee Song. Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn. 1940.

  • Dirge. Billy Strayhorn. 1943. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • Doing the Doo (Du). Billy Strayhorn. Undated. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • Don’t Believe Everything You Hear. See Themes from Jump for Joy (1959).

  • Don’t Mess Around with the Women. See Fantastic Rhythm.

  • Don’t Mind if I Do. See Copasetics Dances.

  • Don’t Take My Love. See Ugly Ducklin’.

  • Double Ruff. Billy Strayhorn. 1946. Copyright registered 1947.

  • Down Beat Shuffle. See Magazine Suite (movement 1).

  • Down Dere. Billy Strayhorn. 1963. Multimovement Copasetics Dance. No individual titles known. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • Drawing Room Blues. Billy Strayhorn. 1948.

  • Drill. See Anchors Aweigh.

  • (p.268)
  • Drum Is a WomanParts 1 and 2. See A Drum Is a Woman.

  • Drum Is a Woman, A. 1956. All copyrights registered in the names of Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (1957):

    • A Drum Is a WomanPart 1 and 2. Billy Strayhorn.

    • Ballet of the Flying Saucers. Billy Strayhorn.

    • Carribeejoe. Billy Strayhorn.

    • Congo Square. Billy Strayhorn.

    • Finale. Author(s) not established (no score has been located).

    • Hey, Buddy Bolden. Clark Terry, possibly others.

    • Madame Zajj. Author(s) not established (no score has been located).

    • New Orleans. Author(s) not established (no score has been located).

    • Pomegranate. Billy Strayhorn.

    • Rhumbop. Duke Ellington and Jimmy Hamilton.

    • Rhythm-Pum-Te-Dum. Billy Strayhorn.

    • What Else Can You Do with a Drum. Billy Strayhorn.

    • You Better Know It. Author(s) not established (no score has been located).

    • Zajj’s Dream. Author(s) not established (no score has been located).

  • Dues. Billy Strayhorn. 1958. Copyright registered as Prima Bara Dubla, in the names of Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (1958). Alternate title: Double Bar.

  • Eighth Veil, The. Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn. 1946. Copyright registered 1949. Adapted from Out of This World (Johnny Mercer and Harold Arlen).

  • Elf. Billy Strayhorn. 1963. Copyright registered in the names of Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (1964). Alternate title: Isfahan. See Far East Suite (movement 3).

  • Elysee. Billy Strayhorn. 1964.

  • Entr’Acte. See Nutcracker Suite (movement 5).

  • Entrance of Youth. Billy Strayhorn. 1947. Copyright registered as All Heart (movement 2 of A Portrait of Ella Fitzgerald) in the names of Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (1957). In a spoken introduction (December 26 and 27, 1947) Ellington credits the work to Strayhorn (no score has been located).

  • Esquire Swank. See Magazine Suite (movement 2).

  • Everybody. See Copasetics Dances.

  • Everything Is Coming Up. See Copasetics Dances.

  • Everything Is Copasetic. See Anchors Aweigh.

  • Fanfare Cabin in the Sky. Billy Strayhorn. 1942. For the motion picture Cabin in the Sky. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • Fanfare Jump for Joy. See Themes from Jump for Joy (1941).

  • Fantastic Rhythm. See Fantastic Rhythm.

  • (p.269)
  • Fantastic Rhythm. Billy Strayhorn (words and music). 1935. All copyrights registered posthumously (2000), unless stated otherwise. Known titles:

    • Don’t Mess Around with the Women (no score has been located).

    • Fantastic Rhythm.

    • Harlem Rhumba (no score has been located).

    • I’ll Never Have to Dream Again.

    • I’ve Got the Blues in My Love Song (no score has been located).

    • It Must Be a Dream (no score has been located).

    • Let Nature Take Its Course. Copyright registered posthumously (1994). Also used for Themes from Beggar’s Holiday and Rose-Colored Glasses.

    • Life Ain’t Nothing but Rhythm. Alternate title: The Rhythm Man.

    • My Little Brown Book. Copyright registered 1944.

    • Office Scene.

    • Overture. Copyright registered posthumously (1994).

    • The Sob Sisters.

    • We Are the Reporters (no score has been located).

  • Far East Suite. All copyrights registered in the names of Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn, unless stated otherwise. Known titles:

    • Movement 1, Tourist Point of View. Duke Ellington. 1966.

    • Movement 2, Bluebird of Delhi. Billy Strayhorn. 1964. Original title: Mynah.

    • Movement 3, Isfahan. See Elf.

    • Movement 4, Depk. Duke Ellington. 1964.

    • Movement 5, Mount Harissa. Author(s) not established (no score has been located). No copyright filed.

    • Movement 6, Blue Pepper. Author(s) not established (no score has been located). 1966. Copyright registered in the name of Duke Ellington (1967).

    • Movement 7, Agra. Billy Strayhorn. 1964.

    • Movement 8, Amad. Duke Ellington. 1964.

  • Far Eastern Weekend. Louie Bellson, Seymour Press, and Billy Strayhorn. 1957.

  • Feather Roll Blues. Billy Strayhorn. 1947. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • Felix. Billy Strayhorn. 1961. Alternate title: Circle. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • Ferb. Billy Strayhorn. 1942. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • Festival Junction. See Newport Jazz Festival Suite (movement 1).

  • Fiddle on the Diddle. See Virgin Islands Suite.

  • 58 St. Suite. Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn. 1965.

  • (p.270)
  • Finale. See A Drum Is a Woman.

  • Finale. See Copasetics Dances.

  • Flame Indigo. See Themes from Jump for Joy (1941).

  • Flippant Flurry. Billy Strayhorn. 1946. Copyright registered in the name of Duke Ellington (1947).

  • Flower Is a Lovesome Thing, A. Billy Strayhorn. 1939. Copyright registered 1941. Alternate titles: Nocturne; Passion.

  • Flowers Die of Love, The. See The Love of Don Perlimplin for Belisa in Their Garden.

  • Fluid Jive. See Lament for an Orchid.

  • Fol-De-Rol-Rol. See Themes from Beggar’s Holiday.

  • Francesco,. See Lana Turner.

  • Frère Monk. Billy Strayhorn. 1962. Copyright registered posthumously in the name of Duke Ellington (1988).

  • Frou-Frou. See So Easy.

  • Full of Shadows. See Saturday Laughter.

  • Girls Suite, The. 1961. Copyright registered posthumously (2000):

    • Movement 1, Girls. Billy Strayhorn. Original title: Who?

    • Movement 5, Juanita. Billy Strayhorn.

  • Girls Want a Hero. See Themes from Beggar’s Holiday.

  • Girls. See The Girls Suite.

  • Gonna Tan Your Hide. Billy Strayhorn. 1954. Copyright registered 1957. Newly registered in the name of Duke Ellington (1962).

  • Got No Time. See Rose-Colored Glasses.

  • Great Day, A. See Rose-Colored Glasses.

  • Grievin’. Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn. 1939.

  • Half the Fun. See Such Sweet Thunder (movement 11).

  • Halfway to Dawn. Billy Strayhorn. 1947. Copyright registered posthumously (2000). Titled posthumously—the original title is unknown.

  • Happy-Go-Luchy-Local. See Deep South Suite (movement 4).

  • Harlem Rhumba. See Fantastic Rhythm.

  • Haupê. See Anatomy of a Murder.

  • He Outfox the Fox. See Saturday Laughter.

  • Hear Say. See Deep South Suite (movement 2).

  • Hearsay. See Deep South Suite (movement 2).

  • Helen’s Theme. See Orson.

  • Here a Man Sees Nothing. See Saturday Laughter.

  • Hey, Buddy Bolden. See A Drum Is a Woman.

  • Hi-Ya. Johnny Hodges and Billy Strayhorn. 1956. Copyright registered in the name of Johnny Hodges (1957).

  • Hip. Billy Strayhorn. 1941. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • (p.271)
  • Hipper-Bug. Billy Strayhorn. 1941. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • History of Jazz in Three Minutes, A. Jimmy Hamilton and Billy Strayhorn. 1950. Copyright registered posthumously (2000). Credited at the time of its release alternately to Duke Ellington and to Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn.

  • Hominy. See Charlotte Russe.

  • Honchi-Chonch. Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn. 1940.

  • Hues, The. Billy Strayhorn. i960. Copyright registered posthumously (1994).

  • Hummer. See Newport Jazz Festival Suite (movement 1: Festival Junction.

  • I Am Angry. See Saturday Laughter.

  • I Can Dream. Billy Strayhorn. Undated. No copyright has been filed (score has not been located). As per Tempo Music Catalogue.

  • I Don’t Mind. Duke Ellington (music) and Billy Strayhorn (words). 1942.

  • I Get Lonely for a Plaything. See Saturday Laughter.

  • I Like Singing. See Saturday Laughter.

  • I Remember. Billy Strayhorn. Undated. No copyright has been filed (score has not been located). As per Tempo Music Catalogue.

  • I’ll Never Have to Dream Again. See Fantastic Rhythm.

  • I’m Checkin’ OutGoom Bye. See Barney Goin’ Easy.

  • I’m Still Begging You. John Raymond Wood (words and music) and Billy Strayhorn (music). 1934.

  • I’ve Got the Blues in My Love Song. See Fantastic Rhythm.

  • If I Can’t Have You. Billy Strayhorn (words and music). 1942. Copyright registered posthumously (2000). Also used for Rose-Colored Glasses.

  • If It Can’t Be You. Billy Strayhorn (words and music). 1957. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • If We Were Any More British, We Couldn’t Talk at All. See Themes from Jump for Joy (1959).

  • Imagine My Frustration. Billy Strayhorn (words), Duke Ellington and Gerald Wilson (music). 1966.

  • In a Blue Summer Garden. Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn. 1951. Copyright registered posthumously (2000). Shares thematic material with Woosie (movement 2 of Newport Festival Suite).

  • In the Hall of the Mountain King. See Peer Gynt Suites Nos. 1 and 2 (movement 3).

  • Intimacy of the Blues. Billy Strayhorn. 1964. Originally untitled. Copyright registered posthumously (1968).

  • Isfahan. See Far East Suite (movement 3): Elf.

  • Island Virgin. See Virgin Island Suite.

  • It Is Saturday. See Saturday Laughter.

  • It Must Be a Dream. See Fantastic Rhythm.

  • J. P. Williamson. See Saturday Laughter.

  • Jasmine. Billy Strayhorn. 1945. Copyright registered posthumously (1994).

  • (p.272)
  • Jazz Festival Suite. See Toot Suite.

  • Jennie Lou Stomp. See Ugly Ducklin’.

  • Jo. Billy Strayhorn. 1940. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • Johnny Come Lately. Billy Strayhorn. 1942.

  • Jump for Joy (1941). See Themes from Jump for Joy (1941).

  • Jump for Joy (1959). See Themes from Jump for Joy (1959).

  • Jump-Cats Hall. Billy Strayhorn. Undated. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • Jungle Kitty. See Virgin Island Suite.

  • Just A-Settin’ and A-Rockin’. Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn. 1941. Copyright registered 1944. Newly registered as Just A-Sittin’ and A-Rockin’ in the names of Lee Gaines (words) and Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (music).

  • Just A-Sittin’ and A-Rockin’. See Just A-Settin’ and A-Rockin’.

  • Just in Case. Billy Strayhorn. Undated. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • Keep Your Feet on the Beat. See On the Riviera.

  • Killin’ Myself. Billy Strayhorn. 1939. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • Kissing Bug, The. Rex Stewart and Billy Strayhorn (music). 1945. Newly registered in the names of Joya Sherrill (words) and Rex Stewart and Billy Strayhorn (music).

  • Lady Mac. See Such Sweet Thunder (movement 4).

  • Lament for an Orchid. Billy Strayhorn. 1941. Copyright registered as Absinthe (1963). Alternate titles: Fluid Jive; Water-Lily; Ricard.

  • Lament for Javanette. Barney Bigard and Billy Strayhorn. 1940. Copyright registered 1941.

  • Lana Turner. Billy Strayhorn. 1944. Copyright registered as Francesca (1946). Newly registered as Charpoy (1968).

  • Lately. Billy Strayhorn. 1956. Copyright registered as Half the Fun (movement 11 of Such Sweet Thunder) in the names of Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (1957).

  • Later I’ll Know. Aaron Bridgers, Perry Fuller, Marguerite Star, and Billy Strayhorn. 1945. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • Lavender Lift. See All Day Long.

  • Lay-By. See Suite Thursday (movement 4).

  • Le Sacre Supreme. See Sacre Supreme, Le.

  • Le Vieux Piano. See Vieux Piano, Le.

  • Leave Me Be. Billy Strayhorn (words and music). Undated. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • Let Nature Take Its Course. See Fantastic Rhythm.

  • Let’s Have a Ball. Billy Strayhorn. 1950. No copyright registered (no score has been located). As per Hajdu (1996, 119–120).

  • (p.273)
  • Letitia. Billy Strayhorn. 1943. The later Strange Feeling (movement 2 of Perfume Suite) is based on this work. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • Life Ain’t Nothing but Rhythm. See Fantastic Rhythm.

  • Limbo. See Copasetics Dances.

  • Little Brown Book. See My Little Brown Book.

  • Little Stray-Horn. Billy Strayhorn. 1944.

  • Lonely Co-Ed. Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn. 1939. Newly registered in the names of Edgar Leslie (words) and Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (music), 1943.

  • Looking for a Male. See Rose-Colored Glasses.

  • Lost in Two Flats. Billy Strayhorn. 1939. Copyright registered 1940.

  • Lotus. See Charlotte Russe.

  • Lotus Blossom. See Charlotte Russe.

  • Love Came. Duke Ellington (words), Billy Strayhorn (music). 1965.

  • Love Has Passed Me By, Again. See Rose-Colored Glasses.

  • Love Like This Can’t Last. Billy Strayhorn. 1941. Copyright registered 1945. Newly registered 1954, by Tempo Music, Inc.

  • Love of Don Perlimplín for Belisa in Their Garden, The. Billy Strayhorn (music). 1953. Based on El amor de Don Perlimplín por Belisa en su jardín by Federico García Lorca. All copyrights registered posthumously (2000), unless stated otherwise. Known titles:

    • Flowers Die of Love, The. Originally untitled.

    • Sprite Music.

    • Love, Love. Originally untitled.

    • Wounded Love. Copyright registered posthumously as Three and Six (1969) and as Wounded Love (1995).

  • Love, Love. See The Love of Don Perlimplín for Belisa in Their Garden.

  • Love. See Perfume Suite, Movement 1.

  • Lovelinessence. Billy Strayhorn. 1959. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • Low Key Lightly. See Anatomy of a Murder.

  • Lozit. Billy Strayhorn. 1942. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • Lush Life. Billy Strayhorn. Ca. 1935. Copyright registered 1949.

  • M.H. and R. Johnny Hodges and Billy Strayhorn. 1962. Copyright registered posthumously (1968).

  • Madame X. Billy Strayhorn and Willie Smith. 1943.

  • Madame Zajj. See A Drum Is a Woman.

  • Madness in Great Ones. See Such Sweet Thunder (movement 10).

  • Magazine Suite. 1945:

    • Movement 1, Down Beat Shuffle. Duke Ellington.

    • Movement 2, Esquire Swank. Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn. (p.274) Copyright registered in the names of Duke Ellington and Johnny Hodges (1946).

    • Movement 3, Metronome All Out. Duke Ellington. Copyright registered in the names of Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (1946).

  • Malay Camp on Saturday. See Saturday Laughter.

  • Man Beneath, The. See Saturday Laughter.

  • Manhattan Murals. See Take the “A” Train.

  • Matinee. Billy Strayhorn. 1947. Copyright registered posthumously (1997).

  • Maybe. Billy Strayhorn. 1961.

  • Me, You and Dudley. Billy Strayhorn (music) and Don George (words). Undated. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • Merry Ha! Ha!, The. Bob Russell (words) and Billy Strayhorn (music). 1947.

  • Metronome All Out. See Magazine Suite (movement 3).

  • Mid-Riff. Billy Strayhorn. 1944. Alternate titles: Midriff and Raindrop Stomp.

  • Midnight in Paris, A. Billy Strayhorn. 1961. Copyright registered 1963. Original title AIX.

  • Midriff. See Mid-Riff.

  • Minuet in Blues. Billy Strayhorn. 1939. Copyright registered in the name of Barney Bigard.

  • Misfit Blues. See Suite Thursday (movement 1).

  • Morning Mood. See Peer Gynt Suites Nos. 1 and 2 (movement 1).

  • Mount Harissa. See Far East Suite (movement 5).

  • Multicolored Blue. Billy Strayhorn. 1950. An expanded vocal version of the earlier, instrumental Violet Blue. Copyright registered 1958.

  • My Arms. See Saturday Laughter.

  • My Home Lies Quiet. See Saturday Laughter.

  • My Little Brown Book. See Fantastic Rhythm.

  • My Love Is as a Fever. See Sonnet for Caesar (movement 2 of Such Sweet Thunder).

  • My People:

    • Purple People. Billy Strayhorn. 1963. All other movements are by Duke Ellington.

  • My Resistance Is Low. Undated. Don George (words), Cat Anderson, Duke Ellington, and Billy Strayhorn (music). Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • Mynah. See Blue Bird of Delhi (movement 2 of Far East Suite).

  • Mysterious Chick. Author(s) not established (no score has been located). Copyright registered in the names of Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (1965).

  • Natives Are Restless Tonight, The. See Themes from Jump for joy (1959).

  • Never Meet. Billy Strayhorn. No copyright has been filed (score has not been located). As per Tempo Music Catalogue.

  • (p.275)
  • New Look, The. See Snibor.

  • New Low Down. See Copasetics Dances.

  • New Orleans. See A Drum Is a Woman.

  • New Shoes. See Saturday Laughter.

  • Newport Jazz Festival Suite. 1956. All copyrights registered in the names of Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn:

    • Movement 1: Festival Junction. Billy Strayhorn. Original title: Hummer.

    • Movement 2: Blues to Be There. Billy Strayhorn. Original title: Woosie. Shares thematic material with In a Blue Summer Garden.

    • Movement 3: Newport Up. Duke Ellington.

  • Newport Up. See Newport Jazz Festival Suite (movement 3).

  • Night Time. Doris Julian (words), Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (music). 1954.

  • No One Knows. Billy Strayhorn. 1954. Copyright registered 1967.

  • Nocturne. See A Flower Is a Lovesome Thing.

  • Noir Bleu. Billy Strayhorn. 1941. Copyright registered 1947.

  • North by Southwest Suite. Billy Strayhorn. 1966–67. Copyright registered posthumously as Suite for the Duo (1995).

    • Movement 1, Up There. 1966. Alternate title: Skippy.

    • Movement 2, Boo Loose. Ca. 1963. Alternate titles: Boo-Lose, Boo Lose, Pretty Little One, and Blue Cloud.

    • Movement 3, Pavane Bleu No. 2. 1966.

  • Northern Lights. See Queens Suite.

  • Nutcracker Suite, 1960. All copyrights registered posthumously in the names of Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (1995). Adapted from The Nutcracker Suite, by Peter Ilyitch Tchaikovsky (Opus 71a, 1892):

    • Movement 1, Overture. Billy Strayhorn.

    • Movement 2, Toot Toot Tootie Toot. Billy Strayhorn. Original title: The Pipes.

    • Movement 3, Peanut Brittle Brigade. Duke Ellington. Original title: March.

    • Movement 4, Sugar Rum Cherry. Billy Strayhorn. Original title: Sugar Plum.

    • Movement 5, Entr’Acte. Billy Strayhorn. Original title: Overture.

    • Movement 6, The Volga Vouty. Author(s) not established (no score has been located).

    • Movement 7, Chinoiserie. Author(s) not established (no score has been located).

    • Movement 8, Dance of the Floreadores. Billy Strayhorn. Original title: Waltz-Trot-Fleurs.

    • (p.276)
    • Movement 9, Arabesque Cookie. Billy Strayhorn. Original title: Naibara.

  • Obmil. See Island Virgin (Virgin Islands Suite).

  • On the Riviera. See On the Riviera.

  • On the Riviera. Roy Branker (words) and Billy Strayhorn (music). 1961. Multimovement Copasetics Dance. All copyrights registered posthumously (2000). Known titles:

    • Alouette.

    • Bon Soir Madame.

    • Can-Can (no score has been located).

    • Keep Your Feet on the Beat.

    • On the Riviera (no score has been located).

    • Opening.

  • On the Verge. Billy Strayhorn. Undated. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • On the Wrong Side of the Railroad Tracks. See Themes from Beggar’s Holiday.

  • Once upon a Dream. Bill Cottrell and T. Hee (words), Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (music). 1962.

  • Only Yesterday. See Saturday Laughter.

  • Oo! (You Make Me Tingle). See Rose-Colored Glasses.

  • Ool-Ya-Coo. See Rose-Colored Glasses.

  • Opening. See Copasetics Dances.

  • Opening. See On the Riviera.

  • Opening Jump for Joy. See Themes from Jump for Joy (1941).

  • Orson. Billy Strayhorn. 1950. Based on Helen’s Theme, which was written for an Orson Welles production of Faust (titled Le Temps Court). Copyright registered in the names of Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (1956).

  • Overture to a Jam Session. Billy Strayhorn. 1947. Copyright registered in the name of Duke Ellington (1947).

  • Overture. See Fantastic Rhythm.

  • Overture. See Nutcracker Suite (movement 1).

  • Paki. Duke Ellington. 1964. Copyright registered in the names of Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn.

  • Paradise. See Blue Heart.

  • Parimaribo [sic]. Don George (words) and Billy Strayhorn (music). Undated. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • Paris Blues. Harold Flender and Billy Strayhorn (words), Duke Ellington (music). 1961. Copyright registered 1962.

  • Passion. See A Flower Is a Lovesome Thing.

  • Passion Flower. Billy Strayhorn. 1939. Copyright registered 1944. Newly registered (p.277) in the names of Milton Raskin (words) and Billy Strayhorn (music), 1965.

  • Pavane Bleu No. 2. See North by Southwest Suite (movement 3).

  • Peanut Brittle Brigade. See Nutcracker Suite (movement 3).

  • Peer Gynt Suites Nos. 1 and 2. 1960. All copyrights registered in the names of Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (1995). Adapted from The Peer Gynt Suites Nos. 1 and 2 (opus 46 and opus 55) by Edvard Grieg (1888):

    • Movement 1, Morning Mood. Billy Strayhorn.

    • Movement 2, Solvejg’s Song. Billy Strayhorn.

    • Movement 3, In the Hall of the Mountain King. Duke Ellington.

    • Movement 4, Åse’s Death. Billy Strayhorn.

    • Movement 5, Anitra’s Dance. Billy Strayhorn.

  • Penthouse on Shady Avenue, A. Billy Strayhorn. 1934. Copyright registered posthumously (1996). Possibly related to Fantastic Rhythm.

  • Pentonsilic. Billy Strayhorn. 1941. Copyright registered posthumously (1994). Part of this work was registered as Sonata (movement 1 of Perfume Suite.

  • Perfume Suite:

    • Movement 1, Love. Billy Strayhorn. 1944. Partly based on Pentonsilic. Copyright registered as Sonata (1945). Alternate titles: Under the Balcony and Balcony Serenade.

    • Movement 2, Strange Feeling. Billy Strayhorn. 1943.

    • Copyright registered in the names of Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (words and music) (1945). Based on Leticia.

    • Movement 3, Dancers in Love. Duke Ellington. 1944.

    • Movement 4, Coloratura. Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn. Copyright registered in the name of Duke Ellington (1945).

  • Phace. See Copasetics Dances.

  • Pianistically Allied. See Tonk.

  • Poke. Billy Strayhorn. 1960. Copyright registered posthumously (1994).

  • Polly’s Theme. See Anatomy of a Murder.

  • Pomegranate. See A Drum Is a Woman.

  • Portrait of a Silk Thread. Billy Strayhorn. 1945. Copyright registered posthumously (1995).

  • Portrait of Ella Fitzgerald, A. All copyrights registered in the names of Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn:

    • Movement 1, Royal Ancestry. Billy Strayhorn. 1957.

    • Movement 2, All Heart. See Entrance of Youth.

    • Movement 3, Beyond Category. Billy Strayhorn. 1957.

    • Movement 4, Total Jazz. Duke Ellington. 1957.

  • (p.278)
  • Pretty Girl. Billy Strayhorn. 1956. Newly registered as The Star-Crossed Lovers (Such Sweet Thunder, Movement 9) in the names of Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (1957).

  • Pretty Little One. See Boo Loose.

  • Pretty Little Girl. See Pretty Girl.

  • Prima Bara Dubla. See Dues.

  • Progressive Gavotte. See Re-Bop Gavotte.

  • Purple People. See My People.

  • Pussy Willow. Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn. 1939. Copyright registered in the name of Duke Ellington (1939).

  • Put-Tin. Duke Ellington. 1964. Copyright registered in the names of Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn.

  • Queens Suite:

    • Movement 4, Northern Lights. Billy Strayhorn. 1959. Movements 1–3 and 5–6 are by Duke Ellington.

  • Rain Check. Billy Strayhorn. 1941. Copyright registered 1942. When published in 1942 by Tempo Music, Rain Check became Raincheck.

  • Raincheck. See Rain Check.

  • Raindrop Stomp. See Mid-Riff.

  • Re-Bop Gavotte. Billy Strayhorn. 1947. Copyright registered as Progressive Gavotte (1948).

  • Ready, Go! See Toot Suite (movement 6).

  • Red Carpet (Part 1). See Toot Suite (movement 3).

  • Red Carpet (Part 2). See Toot Suite (movement 4).

  • Red Carpet (Part 3). See Toot Suite (movement 5).

  • Red Garter. See Toot Suite (movement 1).

  • Red Shoes. See Toot Suite (movement 2).

  • Rhumbop. See A Drum Is a Woman.

  • Rhythm-Pum-Te-Dum. See A Drum Is a Woman.

  • Ricard. See Lament for an Orchid.

  • Rock Skippin’ at the Blue Note. Billy Strayhorn. 1951. Copyright registered in the names of Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (1952).

  • Rocks in My Bed. See Themes from Jump for Joy (1941).

  • Rod La Roque. Billy Strayhorn. 1965. Copyright registered posthumously (2000). Credited at the time of its release to Duke Ellington.

  • Rose Bud. Billy Strayhorn and Juan Tizol. 1942.

  • Rose-Colored Glasses. 1954. Unless stated otherwise, no copyrights have been filed (scores have not been located). Known titles (as per Hajdu 1996, 128–133):

    • Beauty and Talent. Billy Strayhorn (words and music).

    • Brother Big Eyes. Billy Strayhorn (words and music).

    • (p.279)
    • Cottage on the Hill. Billy Strayhorn (words and music).

    • Got No Time. Billy Strayhorn (words and music).

    • Great Day, A. Billy Strayhorn (words and music).

    • Hey Cherie. Luther Henderson (words and music).

    • Hip Hoe Down Mambo. Luther Henderson (words and music).

    • If I Can’t Have You. See If I Can’t Have You (1942).

    • It All Depends on Your Point of View. Luther Henderson (words and music).

    • Let Nature Take Its Course. See Fantastic Rhythm.

    • Looking for a Male. Billy Strayhorn (words and music).

    • Love Has Passed Me By, Again. Billy Strayhorn (words and music). Copyright registered posthumously (1994).

    • Oo! (You Make Me Tingle). Billy Strayhorn. Copyright registered in the names of Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (1955).

    • Ool-Ya-Coo. Billy Strayhorn (words and music).

    • Rose-Colored Glasses. Billy Strayhorn (words and music).

    • Still in Love with You. Billy Strayhorn (words and music). Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

    • Well, Well. Luther Henderson (words and music).

    • You, You, You. Luther Henderson (words and music).

  • Royal Ancestry. See A Portrait of Ella Fitzgerald (movement 1).

  • Sacre Supreme, Le. Billy Strayhorn. 1944. Copyright registered posthumously (1994).

  • Satin Doll. Johnny Mercer (words), Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (music). 1958. The first copyright registration (1958) credits Mercer Ellington and Billy Strayhorn as lyricists and Ellington as composer; a second registration (1960) credits Mercer as lyricist solely and Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn as composers.

  • Saturday Laughter. Herbert Martin (words), Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (music). 1958. Alternate titles: Renaissance Man; Mine Boy. Based on a novel by Peter Abrahams. Authorship for individual movements not established (see Hajdu 1996, 180–181, 183). Unless stated otherwise no copyrights have been filed. Known titles:

    • Big White Mountain.

    • Bioscope Song.

    • Full of Shadows. Copyright registered in the name of Duke Ellington (1966).

    • He Outfox the Fox.

    • Here a Man Sees Nothing. Copyright registered as Man Sees Nothing in the name of Duke Ellington (1966).

    • I Am Angry.

    • (p.280)
    • I Get Lonely for a Plaything.

    • I Like Singing. Copyright registered in the name of Duke Ellington (1966).

    • It Is Saturday.

    • J. P. Williamson. Copyright registered in the name of Duke Ellington (1966).

    • Malay Camp on Saturday. Copyright registered as Malay Camp, in the name of Duke Ellington (1966).

    • My Arms.

    • My Home Lies Quiet. Copyright registered in the name of Duke Ellington (1966).

    • New Shoes. Copyright registered in the name of Duke Ellington (1966).

    • Only Yesterday.

    • Skokiaan Queens.

    • Man Beneath, The. Copyright registered in the name of Duke Ellington.

    • They Say (That People Turn into Stars When They Die). Copyright registered in the name of Duke Ellington (1966).

    • This Man. Copyright registered in the name of Duke Ellington (1966).

    • You Are Beautiful. Copyright registered in the name of Duke Ellington (1966).

    • You Are Lonely.

    • You Walk in My Dreams.

  • Schwiphtiey. See Suite Thursday (movement 2).

  • Sepia Panorama. Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn. 1940. Partly based on a Strayhorn arrangement of Tuxedo Junction, by Erskine Hawkins, William Johnson, Julian Dash, and Buddy Feyne, 1939 (see Chapter 2). Copyright registered in the name of Duke Ellington.

  • September Rain. Lorraine Feather and Billy Strayhorn. Undated. As per ASCAP listing. No copyright has been filed (score has not been located).

  • Shadow Shuffle. Billy Strayhorn. 1944. Copyright registered posthumously (2000). Alternate title: Silver.

  • Show ’Em You Got Class. See Themes from Jump for Joy (1959).

  • Skippy. See North by Southwest Suite (movement 1).

  • Skokiaan Queens. See Saturday Laughter.

  • Smada. See Ugly Ducklin’.

  • Snibor. Billy Strayhorn. 1947. Copyright registered 1959. Original title: Robin’s Nest. Alternate title: The New Look.

  • So Easy. Billy Strayhorn. 1959. Copyright registered as Frou-Frou (1965), in the name of Lil Young—Strayhorrfs mother’s maiden name.

  • (p.281)
  • So the Good Book Says. See Themes from Jump for Joy (1959).

  • So This Is Love. Billy Strayhorn. 1934. Copyright registered posthumously (1968).

  • Solvejg’s Song. See Peer Gynt Suites Nos. 1 and 2 (movement 2).

  • Something to Live For. Billy Strayhorn. 1937. Copyright registered in the names of Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (1939).

  • Sonata. See Pentonsilic and Perfume Suite (movement 1).

  • Song for Christmas, A. Dean Bartlett (words), Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (music). 1965. Copyright registered 1967. Alternate title: A Christmas Surprise.

  • Sonnet for Caesar. See Such Sweet Thunder (movement 2).

  • Sonnet for Sister Kate. See Such Sweet Thunder (movement 8).

  • Sonnet in Search of a Moor. See Such Sweet Thunder (movement 5).

  • Sonnet to Hank Cinq. See Such Sweet Thunder (movement 3).

  • South Wind. Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (words and music). Undated. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • Sprite Music. See The Love of Don Perlimplín for Belisa in Their Garden.

  • Star Blues. Billy Strayhorn. 1958. Copyright registered as Blues in Orbit.

  • Star-Crossed Lovers, The (movement 9 of Such Sweet Thunder). See Pretty Girl.

  • Still in Love with You. See Rose-Colored Glasses.

  • Strange Feeling. See Leticia and Perfume Suite (movement 2).

  • Stray’sPlays. Billy Strayhorn. Undated. Copyright registered 1967.

  • Strayhorn’s Latest. Billy Strayhorn. 1938. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • Such Sweet Thunder. See Such Sweet Thunder (movement 1).

  • Such Sweet Thunder. All copyrights registered in the names of Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (1957):

    • Movement 1, Such Sweet Thunder. Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn.

    • Movement 2, Sonnet for Caesar. Duke Ellington.

    • Movement 3, Sonnet to Hank Cinq. Copyright registered as Hank Cinq. Author(s) not established (no score has been located).

    • Movement 4, Lady Mac. Duke Ellington.

    • Movement 5, Sonnet in Search of a Moor. Author (s) not established (no score has been located).

    • Movement 6, The Telecasters. Duke Ellington.

    • Movement 7, Up and Down, Up and Down (I Will Lead Them Up and Down). Billy Strayhorn.

    • Movement 8, Sonnet for Sister Kate. Duke Ellington.

    • Movement 9, The Star-Crossed Lovers. See Pretty Girl.

    • Movement 10, Madness in Great Ones. Duke Ellington.

    • (p.282)
    • Movement 11, Half the Fun. See Lately.

    • Movement 12, Circle of Fourths. Duke Ellington.

  • Sugar Hill Penthouse. See Symphonette Rhythmique.

  • Sugar Rum Cherry. See Nutcracker Suite (movement 4).

  • Suite for the Duo. See North by Southwest Suite.

  • Suite Thursday, 1960. All copyrights registered posthumously in the names of Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (1995):

    • Movement 1, Misfit Blues. Author(s) not established (no score has been located).

    • Movement 2, Schwiphtiey. Author(s) not established (no score has been located).

    • Movement 3, Zweet Zurzday. Duke Ellington.

    • Movement 4, Lay-By. Duke Ellington.

  • Sunny Day Honey. Billy Strayhorn (words and music). 1952. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • Swamp Drum. Billy Strayhorn. 1951. Original title: Brew. Copyright registered 1952.

  • Sweet and Pungent. Billy Strayhorn. 1959. Original title: Blues. Copyright registered 1964.

  • Swing. Billy Strayhorn. 1940.

  • Swing Dance. See Anchors Aweigh.

  • Symphomaniac, The. 1948:

    • Movement 1, Symphonic or Bust. Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn. Based on fragments from earlier Strayhorn arrangements (Blue Belles of Harlem and Out of This World/The Eighth Veil). Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

    • Movement 2, How You Sound. Duke Ellington.

  • Symphonette Rhythmique. Billy Strayhorn. 1941. Copyright registered as Sugar Hill Penthouse (part of Black, Brown and Beige) in the name of Duke Ellington.

  • Symphonic Billy Strayhorn. 1945. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • Tail-Spin. Billy Strayhorn. Undated. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • Take ’Em Slow. Billy Strayhorn. 1942.

  • Take It Slow. Billy Strayhorn. 1942.

  • Take It Slow. Billy Strayhorn. 1962. Copyright registered posthumously (2000). Original title: Tune Up Slow.

  • Take the “A” Train. Billy Strayhorn. 1939. Copyright registered 1941. Alternate title: Manhattan Murals.

  • Tapioca. Billy Strayhorn. 1940. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • (p.283)
  • Telecasters, The. See Such Sweet Thunder (movement 6).

  • Telstar. Billy Strayhorn. 1962. Copyright registered as Tigress.

  • Thé. Billy Strayhorn. 1964. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • Themes from Bexar’s Holiday. 1947. All copyrights registered posthumously (2000), unless stated otherwise. Eleven more untitled compositions were registered posthumously (2000) as Song 1, Song 2, Song 3, Song 4, Song 5, Song 6, Song 7, Song 8, Song 9, Song 10, Song 11. Known titles by Strayhorn:

    • Boll Weevil Ballet. Billy Strayhorn.

    • Brown Penny. John LaTouche (words) and Billy Strayhorn (music). 1946. Copyright registered in the names of Duke Ellington and John LaTouche (1949).

    • Cream for Supper. Billy Strayhorn.

    • Fol-De-Rol-Rol. Billy Strayhorn.

    • Girls Want a Hero. John LaTouche (words) and Billy Strayhorn (music).

    • Let ’Nature Take Its Course. See Fantastic Rhythm.

    • On the Wrong Side of the Railroad Tracks. John LaTouche (words), Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (music). Copyright registered in the names of Duke Ellington and John LaTouche.

    • Thirteen Boxes of Rayon Skirts. John LaTouche (words) and Billy Strayhorn (music).

    • Through All the Employments. John LaTouche (words) and Billy Strayhorn (music).

    • We’ll Scratch Out His Eyes. John LaTouche (words) and Billy Strayhorn (music).

    • Wedding Ballet. Billy Strayhorn.

    • You Wake Up and Breakfast on a Cigarette. John LaTouche (words) and Billy Strayhorn (music).

  • Themes from Jump for Joy. (1941). Known titles by Strayhorn:

  • Fanfare. Billy Strayhorn. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • Flame Indigo. Billy Strayhorn. Copyright registered posthumously (1994).

  • Opening. Billy Strayhorn. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • Rocks in My Bed. Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn. Copyright registered in the name of Duke Ellington (1941).

  • Uncle Tom’s Cabin Is a Drive-In Now. Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • Themes from Jump for Joy (1959). Unless stated otherwise, all copyrights registered in the names of Sid Kuller (words) and Duke Ellington (music):

    (p.284)
    • But. Sid Kuller (words), Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (music).

    • Don’t Believe Everything You Hear. Sid Kuller (words), Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (music).

    • Entrance Music for Comedians. Billy Strayhorn. Copyright registered posthumously (2000) in the name of Billy Strayhorn.

    • If We Were Any More British, We Couldn’t Talk at All. Sid Kuller (words), Billy Strayhorn (music). Copyright registered in the names of Sid Kuller (words), Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (music).

    • Natives Are Restless Tonight, The. Sid Kuller (words), Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (music).

    • Show ’Em You Got Class. Sid Kuller (words), Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (music).

    • So the Good Book Says. Sid Kuller (words), Billy Strayhorn (music). Copyright registered in the names of Sid Kuller (words), Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (music).

    • Three Shows Nightly. Sid Kuller (words), Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (music).

    • Walk It Off Sid Kuller (words), Billy Strayhorn (music). Copyright registered in the names of Sid Kuller (words), Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (music).

    • When I Trilly with My Filly. Sid Kuller (words), Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (music).

  • There Was Nobody Lookin’. See Deep South Suite (movement 3).

  • They Say (That People Turn into Stars When They Die). See Saturday Laughter.

  • Thirteen Boxes of Rayon Skirts. See Themes from Beggar’s Holiday.

  • This Man. See Saturday Laughter.

  • Three and Six. See The Love of Don Perlimplín for Belisa in Their Garden: Wounded Love.

  • Three Flights Up. Billy Strayhorn. 1941. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • 3:10 Blues. Billy Strayhorn. 1963. Copyright registered 1964.

  • Through All the Employments. See Themes from Beggar’s Holiday.

  • Tiffany. Billy Strayhorn. 1955. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • Tigress. See Telstar.

  • Tonk. Billy Strayhorn. 1940. Copyright registered in the names of Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (1940). Newly registered in 1954 by Tempo Music Corporation. Alternate title: Pianistically Allied.

  • Too Late. Billy Strayhorn. 1957. Copyright registered posthumously (1996). Originally untitled.

  • Toot Suite. 1958. All copyrights registered in the names of Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (1959):

    (p.285)
    • Movement 1, Red Garter. Duke Ellington.

    • Movement 2, Red Shoes. Duke Ellington.

    • Movement 3, Red Carpet (Part 1). Duke Ellington.

    • Movement 4, Red Carpet (Part 2). Billy Strayhorn.

    • Movement 5, Red Carpet (Part 3). Duke Ellington.

    • Movement 6, Ready, Go! Author(s) not established (no score has been located).

  • Toot Toot Tootie Toot. See Nutcracker Suite (movement 2).

  • Total Jazz. See A Portrait of Ella Fitzgerald.

  • Tourist Point of View. See Far East Suite (movement 1).

  • Trails. Billy Strayhorn. 1958. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • Triple Play. Billy Strayhorn. 1947. Copyright registered 1949.

  • Tymperturbably Blue. See Boom Boom.

  • U.M.M.G. See Upper Manhattan Medical Group.

  • Ugly Ducklin’. Billy Strayhorn. 1935. Copyright registered as Jennie Lou Stomp in the name of Billy Strayhorn (1944). Newly registered as Smada, in the names of Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn (1951). Alternate title: Don’t Take My Love.

  • Uncle Tom’s Cabin Is a Drive-In Now. See Themes from Jump for Joy (1941).

  • Under the Balcony. See Perfume Suite (movement 1).

  • Up and Down, Up and Down (I Will Lead Them Up and Down). See Such Sweet Thunder (movement 7).

  • Upper Manhattan Medical Group. Billy Strayhorn. 1956. Also known as U.M.M.G.

  • Upside Looking. Billy Strayhorn. Undated. No copyright has been filed (score has not been located). As per Tempo Music Catalogue.

  • Until Tonight. Billy Strayhorn. 1941. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • Valse #2. Billy Strayhorn. 1935. Copyright registered posthumously (1996).

  • Valse (Lento Sostenuto). Billy Strayhorn. 1935. Copyright registered posthumously (1996).

  • Vict. Duke Ellington. 1964. Copyright registered in the names of Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn.

  • Vieux Piano, Le. Billy Strayhorn. Late 1950s. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • Violet Blue. Billy Strayhorn. 1945. Copyright registered 1947. Newly registered as part of Multicolored Blue (1958).

  • Virgin Islands Suite. 1965. All copyrights registered in the names of Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn:

    • Movement 1, Island Virgin. Billy Strayhorn. Original title: Obmil.

    • Movement 2, Virgin Jungle. Duke Ellington.

    • Movement 3, Fiddle on the Diddle. Billy Strayhorn. Original title: Volta.

    • (p.286)
    • Movement 4, Jungle Kitty. Author(s) not established (no score has been located).

  • Volga Vouty, The. See Nutcracker Suite (movement 6).

  • Volta. See Virgin Islands Suite: Fiddle on the Diddle.

  • Walk It Off. See Themes from Jump for Joy (1959).

  • Watch Your Cue. Johnny Hodges and Billy Strayhorn. 1965.

  • Water-Lily. See Lament for an Orchid.

  • We Are the Reporters. See Fantastic Rhythm.

  • We’ll Scratch Out His Eyes. See Themes from Beggar’s Holiday.

  • Wedding Ballet. See Themes from Beggar’s Holiday.

  • Welcome Aboard. See Anchors Aweigh.

  • What Else Can You Do with a Drum. See A Drum Is a Woman.

  • When I Trilly with My Filly. See Themes from Jump for Joy (1959).

  • Who? See Girls Suite (movement 1): Girls.

  • Wish I Knew What Happened. Duke Ellington and Billy Strayhorn. Undated. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • Without Rhythm. Billy Strayhorn. 1941. Copyright registered posthumously (2000).

  • Woosie. See Newport Jazz Festival Suite (movement 2): Blues to Be There.

  • Work Song. See Copasetics Dances.

  • Wounded Love. See The Love of Don Perlimplín for Belisa in Their Garden.

  • Wrong Number. Billy Strayhorn. 1942.

  • Xmas Present. Billy Strayhorn. 1942.

  • You Are Beautiful. See Saturday Laughter.

  • You Are Lonely. See Saturday Laughter.

  • You Better Know It. See A Drum Is a Woman.

  • You Lovely Little Devil. 1934. John Raymond Wood (words) and Billy Strayhorn (music).

  • You Wake Up and Breakfast on a Cigarette. See Themes from Beggar’s Holiday.

  • You Walk in My Dreams. See Saturday Laughter.

  • You’re the One. Billy Strayhorn. 1955.

  • Your Love Has Faded. Billy Strayhorn. 1937. Copyright registered in the name of Duke Ellington (1939).

  • Zajj’s Dream. See A Drum Is a Woman.

  • Zonk. Billy Strayhorn 1960. Copyright registered posthumously (1995).

  • Zweet Zurzday. See Suite Thursday (movement 3).