The Costs of the French Revolution
The chapter shifts its focus to Western Europe and specifically to some aspects of the secular rivalry between the two leading countries of France and Britain. The demographic, economic, and other losses caused by the French Revolution and other ensuing wars are discussed in this chapter. One major political cost of the Revolution was the overcentralization and the splitting of the country into Red and Black. The region also saw also adverse economic losses, political upheavals, civil wars, and currency depreciation. France grew at least as fast as Britain in the 18th century but the French Revolution and the ensuing wars set it back, giving Britain a lead which lasted well into the twentieth century and is only being overcome now after two hundred years.
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