The Greeks in the Middle East
The Ottoman empire was ruled by Turks and other Ottomanized Muslims and the Greeks called it a Tourkokratia. Rulers often delegated many economic, social, and cultural activities to their millets. The chapter discusses an important aspect of the millet system that has characterized the Middle East region since the rise of Islam and perhaps even earlier. The millets, notably composed of the Greeks, Armenians, and Jews, enjoyed great economic power and they played a part in the social and cultural fields. The role of the Greeks in the empire shows a clear trend of a slow rise followed by a somewhat swifter decline. Their swift decline at the end of the 19th and beginning of the 20th century is examined in this chapter.
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