The fronto-occipital fasciculus (FOF), also known as the occipitofrontal fasciculus, is one of the long association systems of the dorsal visual stream. The subcallosal fasciculus of Muratoff that links the cerebral cortex with the caudate nucleus was mistaken for the FOF, and this conceptual and terminological confusion continues to the present day. This chapter begins with historical accounts of the FOF and Muratoff bundles. It then presents the results of the investigation of the FOF of rhesus monkey brain. Observations confirm the existence of the FOF where Dejerine located it in the human, and provide compelling evidence that it is a true association fasciculus linking parieto-occipital regions with the dorsolateral premotor and prefrontal areas. The present study also adds detail to the understanding of its location and to the origin and termination of its fibers.
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