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Psychiatric EpidemiologySearching for the Causes of Mental Disorders$
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Ezra Susser, Sharon Schwartz, Alfredo Morabia, and Evelyn Bromet

Print publication date: 2006

Print ISBN-13: 9780195101812

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195101812.001.0001

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Confounding: What It Is and What Can Be Done

Confounding: What It Is and What Can Be Done

(p.138) 12 Confounding: What It Is and What Can Be Done
Psychiatric Epidemiology

Ezra Susser (Contributor Webpage)

Sharon Schwartz

Alfredo Morabia

Evelyn J. Bromet

Oxford University Press

The first part of this chapter discusses the conditions under which a factor can confound the association between exposure and disease, and the conditions under which this cannot occur. It also differentiates confounders from antecedents or mediators. The next part discusses methods devised to neutralize the effects of confounders. Two standard methods are presented: matching to prevent confounding in the data by equalizing the exposed and the unexposed on a potential confounder, and statistical adjustment to compensate for confounding in the data by separating the effects of the exposure from the effects of the confounder.

Keywords:   factors, exposure, disease, confounders, cohort studies, antecedents, mediators

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