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The Press in the Arab Middle EastA History$

Ami Ayalon

Print publication date: 1995

Print ISBN-13: 9780195087802

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: October 2011

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195087802.001.0001

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(p.275) References

(p.275) References

Source:
The Press in the Arab Middle East
Publisher:
Oxford University Press

Newspapers and Journals

(Years indicated are those explored for this study)

Abu Nazzara (Cairo and Paris), 1878–1890, 1898–1899.

Abu Nuwwas al-ʻAsri (Damascus), 1921.

Al-Ahram (Alexandria and Cairo), 1876–1945.

Al-Ahwal (Beirut), 1929–1930.

Al-ʻAlam (Cairo), 1910.

Alif Baʼ (Damascus), 1944–1945.

Aʻmal al-Jamʻiyya al-Suriyya (Beirut), 1852.

Anis al-Jalis (Cairo), 1899–1902.

Al-Arghul (Cairo), 1896–1897.

Al-ʻAsr al-Jadid (Alexandria), 1881.

Al-Balagh (Beirut), 1916.

Al-Balagh (Cairo), 1934–1939, 1942–1945.

Band al-Hijaz (Medina), 1924.

Al-Bashir (Beirut), 1870–1871, 1878–1900.

Al-Bassir (Paris), 1881–1882.

Bayrut (Beirut), 1916.

Bayrut (Beirut), 1936–1937.

Al-Bayyan (Cairo), 1897–1898.

Birjis Baris (Paris), 1859–1866.

Al-Diyaʼ (Cairo), 1899–1906.

Fatal al-Sharq (Cairo), 1906, 1910, 1925, 1927.

Al-Fawaʼid (Beirut), 1932–1933.

Al-Fayyum (Fayyum), 1895.

Filastin (Jaffa), 1912.

Hadiqat al-Akhbar (Beirut), 1858–1868.

Al-Haqiqa (Beirut), 1916.

Al-Hayah (Cairo), 1899.

Al-Hayah (Jerusalem), 1930–1931.

Al-Huquq (Cairo), 1886.

Al-Hilal (Cairo), 1892–1945.

Al-Iʻlam (Cairo), 1885–1889.

Al-Insan (Istanbul), 1884.

(p.276) Al-Iqbal (Beirut), 1916.

Al-ʻIrfan (Sidon), 1909–1925.

Al-Istiqlal (Cairo), 1902.

Al-Istiqlal (Baghdad), 1934–1935.

Al-Iʻtidal (Cairo), 1910.

Al-Ittihad (Paris), 1880.

Al-IUihadal-ʻArabi (Tul Karm, Palestine), 1925–1927.

Al-Jamiʻa (Alexandria), 1899–1903.

Al-Janna (Beirut), 1879–1884.

Al-Jarida (Cairo), 1909–1913.

Al-Jarida al-ʻAskariyya al-Misriyya (Cairo), 1865.

Jaridat Arkan Harb al-Jaysh al-Misri (Cairo), 1874.

Al-Jawaʼib (Istanbul), 1868–1884.

Al-Jazira (Jaffa), 1924–1926.

Al-Jazira al-ʻArabiyya (Amman), 1939.

Al-Jinan (Beirut), 1870–1886.

Kashf al-Niqab (Paris), 1894–1895.

Kawkab al-Mashriq (Paris), 1882–1883.

Kawkab al-Sharq (Cairo), 1926–1928, 1933, 1937.

Al-Lataʼif (Cairo), 1887–1896.

Lisan al-Hal (Beirut), 1877–1932.

Lisan d-ʻArab (Alexandria), 1894–1897.

Lisan al-ʻArab (Damascus), 1918–1919.

Al-Liwaʼ (Cairo), 1900.

Al-Liwaʼ al-Misri (Cairo), 1921 1925.

Madrasat al-Funun (Istanbul), 1882–1883.

Al-Majalla al-Jadida (Cairo), 1929–1938.

Majallat Lughat al-ʻArab (Baghdad), 1911–1912, 1929–1931.

Al-Manar (Cairo), 1897–1935.

Al-Mawsuʻat (Cairo), 1898–1900.

Mirʼat al-Sharq (Jerusalem), 1926–1928.

Al-Misbah (Beirut), 1899.

Misral-Fatah (Cairo), 1908–1909.

Misr al-Qahira (Paris), 1879–1880.

Al-Misri (Cairo), 1937–1939.

Al-Muʼayyad (Cairo), 1900, 1907–1914.

Al-Mudhik al-Mubki (Damascus), 1929–1931.

Al-Mufid (Beirut), 1911–1913.

Al-Mufid (Damascus), 1919–1920.

Al-Muqattam (Cairo), 1889–1945.

Al-Muqtabas (Cairo and Damascus), 1906–1914.

al-Muqtataf (Beirut and Cairo), 1876–1945.

Al-Mushir (Alexandria), 1895–1898.

Al-Nahla (Beirut and London), 1870, 1877–1880.

Nafir Suriya (Beirut), 1860–1861.

Al-Nashm al-Usbuʻiyya (Beirut), 1871–1873, 1877, 1885–1886, 1888, 1891–1900.

Nur al-Islam (Cairo), 1931.

Al-Nur al-Tawfiqi (Cairo), 1881–1889.

Al-Qabas (Damascus), 1928–1938.

(p.277) Al-Qahira (Cairo), 1885–1886.

Al-Qahira al-Huna (Cairo), 1886–1888.

Al-Qibla (Mecca), 1916–1924.

Al-Raʼis (Junya), 1900–1902.

Al-Rajaʼ (Paris), 1895, 1898–1899.

Rawdat al-Madaris (Cairo), 1870, 1875–1877.

Al-Raʼy al-ʻAmm (Cairo), 1894, 1896–1897.

Al-Royyahin (Beirut), 1932.

Al-Risda (Cairo), 1933–1939.

Al-Sada (Paris), 1876–1877.

Sawt al-Ahali (Baghdad), 1944.

Sawtal-Shaʻb (Bethlehem), 1924–1927.

Al-Shaʻb (Cairo), 1910.

Al-Sharq (Damascus), 1917.

Al-Siyasa (Cairo), 1922–1934.

Al-Siyasa d-Usbuʻiyya (Cairo), 1926–1931, 1937–1938.

Al-Tankit wal-Tabkit (Alexandria), 1881.

Al-Thaghr (Basra), 1939.

Thamarat al-Funun (Beirut), 1875–1882, 1889–1897.

Al-Thaqafa (Cairo), 1939.

Umm al-Qura (Medina), 1935–1945.

Al-ʻUrwa al-Wuthqa (Paris), 1884.

Al-Ustadh (Cairo), 1892–1893.

ʻUtarid (Marseille and Paris), 1858–1859.

Wadi al-Nil (Cairo), 1868–1870.

Al-Wqfd al-Misri (Cairo), 1938.

Al-Waqaʼiʻ al-Misriyya (Cairo), 1828–1833.

Al-Yarmuk (Haifa), 1925–1928.

Zahla al-Fatah (Zahla), 1910–1911, 1922, 1924.

Al-Zahir (Cairo), 1903–1908.

Al-Zahra (Beirut), 1870.

British Archival Material

FO 371/, FO 882/—Foreign Office documents

WO 157/—War Office documents

Works in Arabic Cited in the Text

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ʻAbduh, Ibrahim. Aʻlam al-sihafa al-ʻArabiyya. Cairo, 1948.

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——— Taʼrikh al-waqaʼiʻ al-Misriyya, 1828–1942. Cairo, 1983.

———. Tatawwur al-sihafa al-Misriyya 1798–1981. 4th ed. Cairo, 1982.

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al-ʻAqqad, Mahmud ʻAbbas. Hayat qalam. Cario, 196–?

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ʻAttara, Qustaky Ilyas. Taʼrikh takwin al-suhuf al-Misriyya. Alexandria, 1928.

“Awwal taʻtil idari fi al-sihafa al-Bayrutiyya,” Awraq Lubnaniyya, February 1957, pp. 65–68.

ʻAziz Bik. Al-Istikhbarat wal-jasusiyya fi Lubnan wa-Suriya wa-Filastin khilal al-harb al-ʻalamiyya. Beirut, 1937.

al-ʻAzm, Khalid. Mudhakkirat. Beirut, [1972]. Vol. 3.

Babil, Nassuh. Sihafa wa-siyasa. Suriyafi al-qarn al-ʻishrin. London, 1987.

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———. “Tatawwur al-maqal fi al-sihafa al-ʻIraqiyya,” in Wizarat al-Iʻlam. Dirasatfi al-sihafa al-ʻIraqiyya. Baghdad, 1972, pp. 28–40.

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———. Azmatal-damiral-suhufi. Cairo, 1960.

———. Mustaqbal al-sihafa. Cairo, 1961.

———. Al-Sihafa wal-mujtamaʻ, CAiro, 1963.

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