The Surface: A Celebration of Steam Power
A massive Corliss steam engine served as the United States centennial celebration's centerpiece. It was an appropriate symbol of a young nation on the move. The young Republic had started the 19th century as a weak sister of Great Britain and other western nations. The transformation of the Lake copper industry at the hands of steam power started early. The first steam locomotive arrived on the Keweenaw in 1864, when the jointly managed Pewabic and Franklin mines purchased a small engine and put it to the task of delivering rock to their stampmill inclines. Harnessed steam power radically transformed the Lake Superior copper mining industry after the mid-1840s. It drove shop machinery and air compressors. Observers often noted that the Lake mines modernized their surface operations more than their underground ones and they observed precisely.
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