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The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System$
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Alain Berthoz, Werner Graf, and P. P. Vidal

Print publication date: 1992

Print ISBN-13: 9780195068207

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.001.0001

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Visual, Vestibular, and Somatosensory Control of Compensatory Gaze Nystagmus during Circular Locomotion

Visual, Vestibular, and Somatosensory Control of Compensatory Gaze Nystagmus during Circular Locomotion

Chapter:
(p.576) Chapter 93 Visual, Vestibular, and Somatosensory Control of Compensatory Gaze Nystagmus during Circular Locomotion
Source:
The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System
Author(s):

David Solomon

Bernard Cohen

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0093

This chapter reviews the data from the studies which recorded head and eye movements of alert monkeys while they ran around in light and in darkness. The data have shown that the head contributes importantly to gaze compensation during circular locomotion. The study asks several questions, such as whether neck proprioceptors play a role in the control of head movements, and what is the relative contribution of the head and eyes to gaze stabilization. It is shown in this study that there is active movement of the head and eyes to produce compensatory gaze nystagmus. It is also inferred that a major function of velocity storage is to support gaze compensation during locomotion.

Keywords:   somatosensory control, gaze nystagmus, circular locomotion, neck proprioceptor, gaze stabilization, velocity storage

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