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The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System$
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Alain Berthoz, Werner Graf, and P. P. Vidal

Print publication date: 1992

Print ISBN-13: 9780195068207

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.001.0001

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Spatial Innervation Patterns of Single Vestibulospinal Axons in Neck Motor Nuclei

Spatial Innervation Patterns of Single Vestibulospinal Axons in Neck Motor Nuclei

Chapter:
(p.259) Chapter 41 Spatial Innervation Patterns of Single Vestibulospinal Axons in Neck Motor Nuclei
Source:
The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System
Author(s):

Yoshikazu Shinoda

Tohru Ohgaki

Yuriko Sugiuchi

Takahiro Futami

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0041

Eye and head position control is an ideal paradigm for studying how central nervous system mechanisms interact to stabilize a multidimensional motor system. Head movement signals detected by the semicircular canals are mediated through vestibulo-ocular and vestibulocollic pathways that line each of the three semicircular canals to a set of eye and head muscles. For tasks needing compensatory eye and head movements, the central nervous system will program muscles to respond in particular combinations rather than to generate an infinite variety of muscle contraction patterns. Single unit recording in animals engaging in motor behavior made it possible to analyze temporal and quantitative aspects of neuronal activities in different parts of the CNS with regard to various movement parameters.

Keywords:   position control, central nervous system, muscle contraction, head muscles, motor behavior, compensatory eye movement, vestibulocollic pathways

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