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The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System$
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Alain Berthoz, Werner Graf, and P. P. Vidal

Print publication date: 1992

Print ISBN-13: 9780195068207

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.001.0001

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Experimental Torticollis in Cats and Monkeys: Effect of Lesions and Drugs

Experimental Torticollis in Cats and Monkeys: Effect of Lesions and Drugs

Chapter:
(p.654) Chapter 109 Experimental Torticollis in Cats and Monkeys: Effect of Lesions and Drugs
Source:
The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System
Author(s):

Francine Maulin

Paul J. Bédard

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0109

This chapter provides supporting evidence that torticollis has a frontal and a horizontal component, related to dysfunction involving different systems. The posture and movements of the head are disturbed in a different manner according to the lesion inducing the torticollis. Moreover, the frequent occurrence of mixed forms of torticollies in humans may imply that a unifocal lesion can be responsible for head disturbances that involve interrelated systems. A parallel can be drawn between the variability of responses induced by the drugs in the experimental models of torticollis and the drug responses variability reported in patients with spasmodic torticollis.

Keywords:   torticollis, unifocal lesion, spasmodic torticollis, head disturbances, experimental models

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