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The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System$
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Alain Berthoz, Werner Graf, and P. P. Vidal

Print publication date: 1992

Print ISBN-13: 9780195068207

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2012

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.001.0001

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Vestibular Compensation: Sensitive Period and Role of Sensory-Motor Activity in Substitution Processes

Vestibular Compensation: Sensitive Period and Role of Sensory-Motor Activity in Substitution Processes

Chapter:
(p.617) Chapter 101 Vestibular Compensation: Sensitive Period and Role of Sensory-Motor Activity in Substitution Processes
Source:
The Head-Neck Sensory Motor System
Author(s):

Yohʼi Zennou-Azogui

Christian Xerri

Publisher:
Oxford University Press
DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780195068207.003.0101

This chapter discusses vestibular compensation as a multisensory substitution process. The contribution of somatosensory afferents, the remaining labyrinthine afferents, and the visual afferents are also explained in this chapter. The authors also studied the effect of sensory motor restriction (SMR) on the recovery of locomotor equilibrium after unilateral vestibular neurectomy. The behavioral and neurophysiologic studies show the critical part that a substitution process can play in vestibular compensation. It is concluded that the sensory data transmitted to the central nervous system (CNS) could play a substitutive role in the recovery of dynamic function if they are available at an early and delimited period of compensation.

Keywords:   vestibular compensation, somatosensory afferents, unilateral vestibular neurectomy, sensory motor restriction, locomotor equilibrium, sensory data

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