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Geographical and Environmental Epidemiology
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Geographical and Environmental Epidemiology: Methods for Small Area Studies

P. Elliott, J. Cuzick, D. English, and R. Stern

Abstract

This book addresses both the theoretical and practical issues which arise when describing the geographical distribution of disease and investigating apparent disease clusters. Requirements in terms of population data, disease incidence, and mortality are considered and related to the scale at which a study is being carried out. Statistical methods are reviewed for large scale correlation studies, intermediate scale map smoothing exercises, and small scale clustering investigations. Problems of measuring environmental exposures at different scales are also reviewed. These issues are then relate ... More

Keywords: geographical distribution of disease, disease clusters, population data, disease incidence, mortality, correlation studies, clustering, environmental exposures

Bibliographic Information

Print publication date: 1996 Print ISBN-13: 9780192622358
Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: September 2009 DOI:10.1093/acprof:oso/9780192622358.001.0001

Authors

Affiliations are at time of print publication.

P. Elliott, editor

J. Cuzick, editor
Imperial Cancer Research Fund, London

D. English, editor
University of Western Australia, Nedlands

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Contents

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I Introduction

2 Small-area studies: purpose and methods

J. Cuzick, and P. Elliott

II Data, computational methods, and mapping

4 Mortality data

A. D. Lopez

6 Cancer incidence data for children

G. J. Draper, and D. M. Parkin

7 Congenital anomalies

H. Dolk, and P. De Wals

8 Specialized registers

A. Ahlbom, and N. Hammar

11 Socio-economic confounding

D. J. Jolley, B. Jarman, and P. Elliott

13 Confidentiality

M. J. Quinn

14 Practical approaches to disease mapping

M. Smarts, and J. Estève

18 Bayesian methods for mapping disease risk

D. Clayton, and L. Bernardinelli

21 Methods for the assessment of disease clusters

F. E. Alexander, and J. Cuzick

IV Studies of health and the environment

28 The Seveso accident

P. A. Bertazzi, A. C. Pesatori, and C. Zocchetti

29 Cancer of the larynx and lung near incinerators of waste solvents and oils in Britain

P. Elliott, J. A. Beresford, D. J. Jolley, S. H. Pattenden, and M. Hills

30 A study of geographical correlations in China

R. Peto, J. Chen, T. C. Campbell, J. Li, J. Boreham, Z. Feng, and L. Youngman

End Matter