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The Archaeology of Byzantine AnatoliaFrom the End of Late Antiquity until the Coming of the Turks$
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Philipp Niewohner

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190610463

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190610463.001.0001

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Human Remains

Human Remains

(p.60) Chapter Four Human Remains
The Archaeology of Byzantine Anatolia

F. Arzu Demirel

Oxford University Press

This chapter evaluates information gathered from skeletal remains. Excepting soldiers and monks, the Byzantine population of Anatolia was typically gender-balanced and generally composed of younger adults. Poor dental health shows a lack in dental hygiene and a diet mostly of carbohydrates and less proteins. High infant and child mortality ratios may also have been associated with poor diet and hygiene; they increased in the early Byzantine period, until the situation improved again in the middle Byzantine period. In comparison with the earlier Roman period, health and life expectancy appears to have worsened in the early Byzantine period and somewhat recovered again during the middle Byzantine period. Contemporary Turkish sites in East Anatolia generally followed a similar trend in mean adult age, average stature, and infant mortality rates, but occasionally provided better living conditions as evidenced by lower infant mortality rates and less dental pathology.

Keywords:   Burials, Bones, Sex, Age, Demography, Health, Diseases, Diet, Lifestyle

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