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The Archaeology of Byzantine AnatoliaFrom the End of Late Antiquity until the Coming of the Turks$
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Philipp Niewohner

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190610463

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190610463.001.0001

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(p.342) Chapter Thirty-Two Germia
The Archaeology of Byzantine Anatolia

Philipp Niewöhner

Oxford University Press

Germia was famous for its thermal springs and a church dedicated to the archangel Michael. There were several other churches and monasteries, but little space for ordinary residential buildings. The Christians seem to have established their healing shrine half way between two pre-existing Roman poleis of Mantalos and Goeleon, because Mantalos was already the centre of a pagan cult and Goeleon lacks thermal springs. Otherwise, there was no need for an additional, third polis, and Germia never developed into a sizable settlement, although it became an autocephalous archbishopric and metropolis. The case of Germia confirms that in the Byzantine period the status of polis and metropolis as well as that of diocese and archdiocese were not necessarily indicative of any degree of urbanization. The site is also outstanding for surviving the Invasion Period without fortifications and for continuing throughout the middle Byzantine period without any apparent sign of decline.

Keywords:   Pilgrimage, Epigraphy, Cemetery church, Gold coins, Arabs, Domed churches, Monasteries

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