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The Archaeology of Byzantine AnatoliaFrom the End of Late Antiquity until the Coming of the Turks$
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Philipp Niewohner

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190610463

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190610463.001.0001

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(p.226) Chapter Seventeen Pergamon
The Archaeology of Byzantine Anatolia

Thomas Otten

Oxford University Press

Early Byzantine Pergamon is attested through various building activities inside the Roman city, including shops and a temple church. During the Invasion Period the Hellenistic acropolis above the Roman city was newly fortified, and a peak in coin finds in the reign of Constans II suggests a connection with the Arab capture of Smyrna in AD 672. The middle Byzantine period is characterized by a near total absence of any datable finds. Archaeological evidence, especially coins, set in again in the second half of the eleventh century, when the fortress appears to have been re-fortified against the Turks. A newly built church inside the fortress may now have served as cathedral. The revival continued into the late Byzantine period, when the fortifications were renewed once again and the interior densely built up. The Turkish conquest in the fourteenth century returned the settlement to the Roman city in the plain below.

Keywords:   Temple church, Shops, Houses, Ceramics, Small finds, Kastron, Domed church, Burials

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