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The Archaeology of Byzantine AnatoliaFrom the End of Late Antiquity until the Coming of the Turks$
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Philipp Niewohner

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190610463

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: April 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190610463.001.0001

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Rock-cut Architecture

Rock-cut Architecture

(p.148) Chapter Eleven Rock-cut Architecture
The Archaeology of Byzantine Anatolia

Fatma Gül Öztürk

Oxford University Press

This chapter presents an outline of rock-cut architecture and its archaeology in Byzantine Anatolia, particularly in Cappadocia but also to a lesser degree in Phrygia and Lycaonia. The geological and historical context illuminates the reasons for the prevalence of rock-cut architecture in the regions. Different forms and types of settlement can be distinguished, but in many cases the nature and duration of occupation remains to be established. The essential “otherness”’ of rock-cut architecture is still a problem. Insight into the traditional carving techniques and processes, demonstrated in photographic illustrations from various archaeological sites, helps to understand the phenomenon.

Keywords:   Technology, Cappadocia, Domed churches, Fortresses, Countryside

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