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Equal Opportunity PeacekeepingWomen, Peace, and Security in Post-Conflict States$
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Sabrina Karim and Kyle Beardsley

Print publication date: 2017

Print ISBN-13: 9780190602420

Published to Oxford Scholarship Online: March 2017

DOI: 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780190602420.001.0001

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Discrimination and Protection Revisited

Discrimination and Protection Revisited

Female Participation in Peacekeeping Operations

(p.65) Chapter 4 Discrimination and Protection Revisited
Equal Opportunity Peacekeeping

Sabrina Karim

Kyle Beardsley

Oxford University Press

This chapter analyzes how exclusion, discrimination, and the gendered protection norm contribute to the low participation rate of female peacekeepers globally. The scope of the analysis focuses on the willingness of contributing countries to send women to peacekeeping missions, as a function of the characteristics of both the contributing country and the target country. The analysis specifically finds that contributing countries with lower participation rates of women in their armed forces send fewer women to peacekeeping missions. The authors also find that women are less likely to be sent to missions that have experienced high levels of conflict-related violence, particularly sexual violence, and that are located in countries with low levels of development. Finally, contributing countries with high levels of violence at home, as well as better records of gender equality, tend to deploy higher proportions of women to peacekeeping missions.

Keywords:   gender equality, peacekeeping, participation, discrimination, exclusion, protection, sexual violence, Nigeria, Bangladesh

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